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The crop of desert truffle depends on agroclimatic parameters during two key annual periods

  • Alberto Andrino
  • Alfonso Navarro-Ródenas
  • José Eduardo Marqués-Gálvez
  • Asunción MorteEmail author
Research Article
  • 40 Downloads

Abstract

Desert truffles have become an alternative agricultural crop in semiarid areas of the Iberian Peninsula due to their much appreciated edible value and their low water requirements for cultivation. Although most studies related to desert truffle production point to the sole importance of precipitation, this work is the first systematic study carried out to characterize whether other important agroclimatic parameters, for example reference evapotranspiration, soil water potential, relative air humidity %, aridity index or air vapour pressure deficit, may have an impact on a desert truffle production in an orchard with mycorrhizal plants of Helianthemum almeriense × Terfezia claveryi for 15 years from the plantation. The results show for the first time that T. claveryi production has two key periods, during its annual cycle: autumn (September to October) and spring (end of March). The aridity index and soil water potential seem to be the most manageable parameters in the field and can be easily controlled by applying irrigation during the abovementioned periods. Agroclimatic parameters can influence the final crop a long time before the desert truffle fruiting season contrary to what happens with other edible mycorrhizal mushrooms. Four different models to manage desert truffle plantations are proposed based on these agroclimatic parameters in order to optimize and stabilize carpophore fructifications over the years.

Keywords

Terfezia Helianthemum Agroclimatic parameters Precipitation Aridity index 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are grateful to Dr. Janusz Zwiazek for useful comments on the manuscript, to Dr. Frank Schaarschmidt and Dr. Antonio Maurandi’s team for their help and advice in carrying out the statistical analyses, and to Francisco González for providing the crop data of his desert truffle plantation.

Funding information

The authors received financial support from AEI/FEDER, UE (CGL2016-78946-R) and Fundación Séneca-Agencia de Ciencia y Tecnología de la Región de Murcia (20866/PI/18). ANR is a recipient of a postdoctoral contract (IJCI-2016-28252) from the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO). JEMG is a recipient of a PhD grant (DI-14-06904) from the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© INRA and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Soil Science, Leibniz Universität HannoverHanoverGermany
  2. 2.Departamento de Biología Vegetal (Botánica), Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad de MurciaMurciaSpain
  3. 3.Thader Biotechnology SL, Ed. CAIDMurciaSpain

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