Apidologie

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 92–106 | Cite as

Pollen and nectar quality drive the major and minor floral choices of bumble bees

  • Laurent Somme
  • Maryse Vanderplanck
  • Denis Michez
  • Isabelle Lombaerde
  • Romain Moerman
  • Bernard Wathelet
  • Ruddy Wattiez
  • Georges Lognay
  • Anne-Laure Jacquemart
Original article

Abstract

To investigate whether floral resource quality impacts on bumble bee floral choices, we determined the pollen foraging constancy and floral choices of four bumble bee species commonly occurring in peaty, wet meadows in South Belgium. We subsequently analyzed the chemical contents of pollen and nectar, as well as the nectar production of the major host plant species. Individuals of B. lapidarius and B. pascuorum collected high-quality pollen (i.e., having high essential amino acid and phytosterol content) on Comarum palustre and Trifolium pratense, whereas individuals of B. terrestris s.l. and B. hypnorum enlarged their diet breadth to less valuable pollen resources (Cirsium palustre and Valeriana repens). Since Persicaria bistorta and Comarum palustre offer abundant and concentrated nectar, these plant species might represent major nectar sources for bumble bee species in peaty, wet meadows. The present study demonstrated the role of pollen composition on differences in foraging strategies among bumble bee species.

Keywords

amino acids floral rewards nectar sugars phytosterols polylectism 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (FNRS contract 2.4540.09) for funding this study. LS holds a FRIA fellowship (Funds for training in Industry and Agriculture Research) and MV holds an aspirant FNRS fellowship. The study was conducted in accordance with current Belgian laws. We thank the “Département de la Nature et des Forêts” (DNF, Région Wallonne, Belgium) for the derogation concerning the sampling of plant and insect individuals in nature reserves, the DNF and Natagora for granting access to their properties, and Christel Buyens and Isabelle Van de Vreken for technical assistance.

Supplementary material

13592_2014_307_MOESM1_ESM.doc (174 kb)
Table S1 (DOC 174 kb)

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Copyright information

© INRA, DIB and Springer-Verlag France 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurent Somme
    • 1
  • Maryse Vanderplanck
    • 2
  • Denis Michez
    • 2
  • Isabelle Lombaerde
    • 1
  • Romain Moerman
    • 2
    • 6
  • Bernard Wathelet
    • 3
  • Ruddy Wattiez
    • 4
  • Georges Lognay
    • 5
  • Anne-Laure Jacquemart
    • 1
  1. 1.Earth and Life Institute – Research group Genetics, Reproduction, PopulationsUniversité catholique de Louvain (UCL)Louvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.Laboratory of ZoologyUniversity of Mons - UMONSMonsBelgium
  3. 3.Industrial Biological Chemistry unit, Gembloux Agro-Bio TechUniversity of LiègeGemblouxBelgium
  4. 4.Department of Proteomic and Protein BiochemistryUniversity of Mons - UMONSMonsBelgium
  5. 5.Unit of Analytical Chemistry, Gembloux Agro-Bio TechUniversity of LiègeGemblouxBelgium
  6. 6.Evolutionary Biology & EcologyUniversité Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)BrusselsBelgium

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