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Apidologie

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 209–221 | Cite as

Predation pressure dynamics study of the recently introduced honeybee killer Vespa velutina: learning from the enemy

  • Karine Monceau
  • Nevile Maher
  • Olivier Bonnard
  • Denis ThiéryEmail author
Original article

Abstract

Following the recent introduction of Vespa velutina into France, an increase in predation on domestic honeybees, Apis mellifera, has resulted from the dispersion of this hornet across the country. We aimed at providing its predation pressure dynamics at bee hives in two sites by using food traps that could be used as a comparison in future years. The number of trapped and chasing hornets in each apiary was correlated. Predation lasted 5 months on our two sites; 916 and 1,894 hornets were trapped on each site, respectively. Predation at bee hives was found to be affected by wind speed and by the seasonal effect of temperature and humidity. We also show that V. velutina queens and males were present during unusual periods in our traps, which may be significant to understanding their life cycle. These results are discussed with reference to the biology of other Vespine species. This study represents the first monitoring of V. velutina predation pressure dynamics in France. It constitutes an initial database for pest management and suggests ways of protecting bee hives.

Keywords

Apis mellifera invasive species pest management Vespidae yellow-legged hornet 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research project was funded by France Agrimer # 797/2007–2010. This work benefited from the technical contribution of E. Segura. We are grateful to Mr. J. Martrenchar for allowing us to work in his apiary. We also thank Dr. J. Moreau for his helpful comments on our manuscript and Dr. S. Hayes for proofreading our English.

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Copyright information

© INRA, DIB and Springer-Verlag France 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karine Monceau
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nevile Maher
    • 1
    • 2
  • Olivier Bonnard
    • 1
    • 2
  • Denis Thiéry
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.INRA, ISVV, UMR 1065 Santé et Agroécologie du VignobleVillenave d’OrnonFrance
  2. 2.Université de Bordeaux, ISVV, UMR 1065 Santé et Agroécologie du Vignoble, Bordeaux Sciences AgroVillenave d’OrnonFrance

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