, Volume 43, Issue 5, pp 587–589 | Cite as

A scientific note on Israeli acute paralysis virus infection of Eastern honeybee Apis cerana and vespine predator Vespa velutina

  • Orlando Yañez
  • Huo-Qing Zheng
  • Fu-Liang Hu
  • Peter Neumann
  • Vincent DietemannEmail author
Scientific Note

The Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV; Maori et al. 2007; de Miranda et al. 2010) is widespread in Western honeybees (Apis mellifera) for whom it can be a marker of colony losses (Cox-Foster et al. 2007). It has also been found in other Hymenoptera (e.g., Vespula vulgaris; Singh et al. 2010), but the ability of the virus to replicate in such alternative hosts still has to be confirmed, as has been shown recently for the ectoparasite Varroa destructor (Di Prisco et al. 2011). We investigated whether IAPV can be found in Western and Eastern (Apis cerana) honeybees and in their hornet predator Vespa velutina in China and whether this virus is able to replicate in these organisms. Positive-strand RNA virus replication requires the production of negative-strand RNA replicative intermediates. Detection of negative-strand RNA of IAPV in A. cerana and V. velutina would strongly support their function as alternative hosts of this virus.

Eastern honeybee workers (N = 180) were sampled from...


Apis mellifera Apis cerana Vespa velutina IAPV virus honeybee 



We wish to thank Xiao-Ling Su and Jin-Lian Zhang for their help in the field, Qi-Yun Hua for logistical assistance, Zhang-Gen Yu for access to his apiary for sampling and Benjamin Dainat for laboratory support. Financial support was provided to OY and PN by the COST-funded project VIVA and to VD by the Qian-Tang River expert programme. The funding agencies were not involved in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication.


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Copyright information

© INRA, DIB and Springer-Verlag, France 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Orlando Yañez
    • 1
  • Huo-Qing Zheng
    • 2
  • Fu-Liang Hu
    • 2
  • Peter Neumann
    • 1
    • 3
  • Vincent Dietemann
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Swiss Bee Research Centre, Federal Department of Economic Affairs EVDResearch Station Agroscope Liebefeld-Posieux ALPBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.College of Animal SciencesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Zoology and EntomologyRhodes UniversityGrahamstownSouth Africa
  4. 4.Social Insect Research Group, Zoology and Entomology DepartmentUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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