Advertisement

Effect of drought stress on shoot growth and physiological response in the cut rose ‘charming black’ at different developmental stages

  • Liyun Shi
  • Zheng Wang
  • Wan Soon Kim
Research Report
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

To investigate the responses of the cut rose ‘Charming Black’ to drought stress at different growth stages, we defined five stages of flowering and shoot development defined from initiation of the axillary bud to full complement of the floral parts. Drought stress was applied from earliest bud break (stage 1) to floral bud appearance (stage 5). After the stage of treatment, irrigation was restored to normal levels. Results showed that rose plant growth was not only influenced by the environment but also by different stages of floral bud appearance. The stem length as well as the time it took to reach different stages of rose development was influenced by the applied irrigation and supplemental lighting conditions. Drought stress did not have negative effects on the quality of the flower at stage 1. Drought stress reduced the vegetative growth phase and promoted flowering in the early stages (2–3), and significantly decreased shoot length, shoot weight and leaf area. However, at the stage prior to flower appearance (stage 5) drought stress was more severe. The most damage was accompanied by malformed floral buds that had shorter petal length and distorted petals. Furthermore, photosynthesis was negatively affected by drought stress at stage 5, even after re-irrigation, for which this negative effect could not be compensated.

Keywords

Chlorophyll fluorescence Critical stages Malformed flower Rosa hybrida 

References

  1. Banon S, Ochoa J, Franco JA, Alarcon JJ, Sanchez-Blanco MJ (2006) Hardening of oleander seedlings by deficit irrigation and low air humidity. Environ Exp Bot 56:36–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Calatayud A, Roca D, Martinez PF (2006) Spatial-temporal variations in rose leaves under water stress conditions studied by chlorophyll fluorescence imaging. Plant Physiol Biochem 44:564–573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carvalho MHC (2008) Drought stress and reactive oxygen species. Plant Signal Behav 3:156–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chaves MM, Oliveira MM (2004) Mechanisms underlying plant resilience to water deficits: prospects for water-saving agriculture. J Exp Bot 55:2365–2384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chaves MM, Maroco JP, Pereira JS (2003) Understanding plant responses to drought from genes to the whole plant. Funct Plant Biol 30:239–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chimonidou-Pavlidou D (1996) Effect of drought stress at different stages of rose development. Acta Hortic 424:45–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chimonidou-Pavlidou D (1999) Irrigation and sensitive stages of development. Acta Hortic 481:393–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chimonidou-Pavlidou D (2000) Correlation between internal and external stages of rose development. Acta Hortic 515:233–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chimonidou-Pavlidou D (2001) Effect of irrigation and shading at the stage of flower bud appearance. Acta Hortic 547:245–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chimonidou-Pavlidou D (2004) Malformation of roses due to drought stress. Sci Hort 99:79–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Darlington AB, Dixon MA (1991) The hydraulic architecture of roses (Rosa hybrida). Can J Bot 69:702–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Flexas J, Medrano H (2002) Drought-inhibition of photosynthesis in C3 plants: stomatal and non-stomatal limitations revisited. Ann Bot 89:183–189CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Guo P, Li M (1996) Studies on photosynthetic characteristics in rice hybrid progenies and their parents I. Chlorophyll content, chlorophyll-protein complex and chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics. J Trop Subtrop Bot 4:60–65Google Scholar
  14. Hetherington AM, Woodward FI (2003) The role of stomata in sensing and driving environmental change. Nature 424:901–908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kim WS, Lieth JH (2012) Simulation of year-round plant growth and nutrient uptake in Rosa hybrida over flowering cycles. Hortic Environ Biotechnol 53:193–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Koniarski M, Matysiak B (2013) Effect of regulated deficit irrigation on growth, flowering and physiological responses of potted Syringa meyeri ‘Palibin’. Acta Agrobotanica 66:73–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kool MTN, Lenssen EFA (1997) Basal-shoot formation in young rose plants: effects of bending practices and plant density. J Hortic Sci 72:635–644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lichtenthaler HK (1987) Chlorophylls and carotenoids: pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Methods Enzymol 148:350–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lu CM, Zhang JH (1999) Effects of salt stress on PSII function and photoinhibition in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. J Plant Physiol 155:740–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Milburn JA (1979) Water flow in plants. Longman, London, p 225Google Scholar
  21. Resco V, Ignace DD, Sun W, Huxman TE, Weltzin JF, Williams DG (2008) Chlorophyll fluorescence, predawn water potential and photosynthesis in precipitation pulse-driven ecosystems-implications for ecological studies. Funct Ecol 22:479–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Santos SAP, Santos C, Silva S, Pinto G, Torres LM, Nogueira AJA (2013) The effect of sooty mold on fluorescence and gas exchange properties of olive tree. Turk J Biol 37:620–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sapeta H, Miguel Costa J, Lourenço T, Maroco J, Linde PVD, Margarida Oliveira M (2013) Drought stress response in Jatropha curcas: growth and physiology. Environ Expt Bot 85:76–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Seghatoleslami MJ, Kafi M, Majidi E (2008) Effect of drought stress at different growth stages on yield and water use efficiency of five Proso Millet (Panicum Miliaceum L.) genotypes. Pak J Bot 40:1427–1432Google Scholar
  25. Sharp RG, Else MA, Cameron RW, Davies WJ (2009) Water deficits promote flowering in Rhododendron via regulation of pre and post initiation development. Sci Hortic 120:511–517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shi L, Kim WS (2014) Shoot growth and physiological disorder of cut rose ‘Charming Black’ as affected by drought stress during nocturnal supplemental lighting. Hortic Environ Biotechnol 55:91–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Shi L, Kim WS (2015) Effect of drought stress during supplemental lighting on diurnal photosynthesis of cut rose ‘Charming Black’. Hortic Environ Biotechnol 56:582–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Singsaas EL, Ort DR, DeLucia EH (2001) Variation in measured values of photosynthetic quantum yield in ecophysiological studies. Oecologia 128:15–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Turk KJ, Hall AE, Asbell CW (1980) Drought adaptation of cowpea 1. Influence of drought on seed yield. Agron J 72:413–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Watanabe S, Hakoyama S, Terao T, Singh BB (1997) Evaluation methods for drought tolerance of cowpea. In: Singh BB et al (eds) Advances in cowpea research. IITA/JIRCAS, IITA, Ibadan, pp 87–98Google Scholar
  31. Zieslin N, Moe R (1985) Rosa. In: Halevy AH (ed) Handbook of flowering, vol 4. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 214–225Google Scholar
  32. Zieslin N, Mor Y (1990) Light on roses: a review. Sci Hortic 43:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zimmermann MH (1978) Hydraulic architecture of some diffuse porous trees. Can J Bot 56:2286–2295CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Forestry, Henan Agricultural UniversityHenanChina
  2. 2.Department of Environmental HorticultureUniversity of SeoulSeoulKorea
  3. 3.Natural Science Research Institute, University of SeoulSeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations