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Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 125–130 | Cite as

Effect of organic fertilizer application on growth characteristics and saponin content in Codonopsis lanceolata

  • Kyeong Gon Moon
  • In Seok Um
  • Seung Ho Jeon
  • Young Son Cho
  • Young-Guk Kim
  • Il Rae RhoEmail author
Research Report
  • 153 Downloads

Abstract

Organic fertilizers were applied in four different forms: mixed organic matter, fermentation cake, bacterial culture, and rice husks, excluding conventional chemical fertilizer and non-treatment used as control. The results showed that soil pH was acidified after fermentation cake and chemical fertilizer treatment. Specifically, chemical fertilizer treatment showed higher phosphoric-acid content than other treatments, while total N content was higher in fermentation cake, mixed organic matter and chemical fertilizer. Growth of Codonopsis lanceolata showed superior tendency in the treatment of mixed organic matter and fermentation cake. Lancemacides, the major saponin of C. lanceolata, could be identified as foetidissimoside A, lancemaside A, lancemaside B, and lancemaside D. However, among them, quantitative analysis could not be conducted on foetidissimoside A due to its very low content, and lancemaside A was the most abundant saponin in the root from all the treatments. The content of lancemaisde A according to organic fertilizer application showed the highest value of 0.12 mg g−1 in the treatment of mixed organic matter, followed by the fermentation cake, bacterial culture, non-treatment, rice husks and chemical fertilizer, in that order. The content of lancemaside B and D was very low compared to lancemaside A, and there was no difference among treatments. Therefore, it was verified that the growth of C. lanceolata was superior in application of mixed organic matter and fermentation cake, and the major saponin, lancemaside A, was also increased.

Keywords

Codonopsis lanceolata Cultivation Lancemaside Organic fertilizer Saponin 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Korea Institute of Planning and Evalution for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (IPET) through Agri-Bio Industry Technology Development Program, funded by Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA; 114062-3), and quoted a part of master’s thesis in Gyeongsang National University.

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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyeong Gon Moon
    • 1
  • In Seok Um
    • 1
  • Seung Ho Jeon
    • 2
  • Young Son Cho
    • 2
  • Young-Guk Kim
    • 3
  • Il Rae Rho
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuKorea
  2. 2.Department of Agronomy and Medicinal Plant ResourcesGyeongnam National University of Science and TechnologyJinju-SiKorea
  3. 3.Department of Herbal Crop ResearchNational Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDAEumseongKorea
  4. 4.Institute of Agriculture and Life ScienceGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuKorea

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