Advertisement

Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 58, Issue 4, pp 350–356 | Cite as

Effects of a hydrophilic polymer soil amendment on stress tolerance of Eucalyptus saligna

  • Davoud Khodadadi DehkordiEmail author
Research Report
  • 94 Downloads

Abstract

This study evaluated the effect of the hydrophilic polymer Super-AB-A-300 on salt and drought resistance in Eucalyptus saligna Sm. One-year-old cuttings of E. saligna were treated with salt (2 L of 300 mM NaCl), drought stress, and salt plus drought stress; an untreated set of cuttings was used as a control. All treatments were conducted with and without the Super-AB-A-300 polymer in the soil mixture. The Super-AB-A-300 polymer held more water in the soil during water-deficit conditions and promoted tolerance to salinity and drought stresses in the E. saligna rooted cuttings. In addition, the Super-AB-A-300 polymer retained Cl- and Na+ in the soil solution due to its high water-holding capability and the exchangeable K+ in the Super-AB-A-300 resulted in an amended K+ /Na+ balance in the salt-treated plants. Furthermore, the Super-AB-A-300 polymer promoted greater resistance to salinity plus drought stresses, due to the salt- and water-holding capabilities of the polymer.

Additional key words

drought gas-exchange ion concentration salinity 

Literature Cited

  1. Abedi-Koupai J, Asad-Kazemi J (2006) Effects of a hydrophilic polymer on the field performance of an ornamental plant (Cupressus arizonica) under reduced irrigation regimes. Iran Polym J 15:715–725Google Scholar
  2. Arbona V, Iglesias DJ, Jacas J, Primo-Millo E, Talon M, Go´ mez-Cadenas A (2005) Hydrogel substrate amendment alleviates drought effects on young citrus plants. Plant Soil 270:73–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bouranis DL, Theodoropoulus AG, Drossopoulus JB (1995) Designing synthetic polymers as soil conditioners. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 26:1455–1480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hashemi SS, Payamnoor V, Aliarab AR, Jafari Mofidabadi SA (2013) Assessment of salt stress resistance of three Eucalypt species in first growth stages. J Wood Forest Sci Technol 20:59–75Google Scholar
  5. Khadem SA, Galavi M, Ramrodi M, Mousavi SR, Rousta MJ, Rezvani-Moghaddam P (2010) Effect of animal manure and Superabsorbent polymer on corn leaf relative water content, cell membrane stability and leaf chlorophyll content under dry condition. Aust J Crop Sci 4:242–247Google Scholar
  6. Marandi GB, Hariri S, Mahdavinia GR (2009) Effect of hydrophobic monomer on the synthesis and swelling behaviour of a collagengraft-poly[(acrylic acid)-co-(sodium acrylate)] hydrogel. Polym Int 58:227–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Munns R, Tester M (2008) Mechanisms of salinity tolerance. Ann Rev Plant Biol 59:651–681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Orikiriza LJB, Agaba H, Tweheyo M, Eilu G, Kabasa JD, Huttermann A (2009) Amending soils with hydrogels increases the biomass of nine tree species under non-water stress conditions. Clean Soil Air Water 37:615–620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Osareh MH, Shariat A (2009) Salinity resistance in germination stage and growth stage in some Eucalyptus species. J Agric Sci Natur Res 15:145–157Google Scholar
  10. Rahab Resin Co (2016) Rahab Resin Company. Available via http://www.bizearch.com/company/Rahab_Resin_Co_280864.htm. Accessed 9 October 2016Google Scholar
  11. Seyed Doraji S, Golchin A, Ahmadi Sh (2010) The effects of different levels of a Superabsorbent polymer and soil salinity on water holding capacity with three textures of sandy, loamy and clay. J Water Soil 24:306–316Google Scholar
  12. Shabala S, Cuin TA (2008) Potassium transport and plant salt tolerance. Physiol Plant 133:651–669CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Shi Y, Li J, Shao J, Deng Sh, Wang R, Li N, Sun J, Zhang H, Zhu H, Zhang Y, Zheng X, Zhou D, Huttermann A, Chen Sh (2010) Effects of Stockosorb and Luquasorb polymers on salt and drought tolerance of Populus popularis. Sci Hortic 124:268–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Storey R (1995) Salt tolerance, ion relations and the effects of root medium on the response of citrus to salinity. Plant Physiol 22:101–114Google Scholar
  15. Sun J, Chen S, Dai S, Wang R, Li N, Shen X, Zhou X, Lu C, Zheng X, Hu Z, Zhang Z, Song J, Xu Y (2009a) NaCl-induced alternations of cellular and tissue ion fluxes in roots of salt-resistant and saltsensitive poplar species. Plant Physiol 149:1141–1153CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Sun J, Dai S, Wang R, Chen S, Li N, Zhou X, Lu C, Shen X, Zheng X, Hu Z, Zhang Z, Song J, Xu Y (2009b) Calcium mediates root K+/Na+ homeostasis in poplar species differing in salt tolerance. Tree Physiol 29:1175–1186CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Viero PWM, Little KM (2006) A comparison of different planting methods, including hydrogels, and their effect on eucalypt survival and initial growth in South Africa. South Afr For J 208:1–9Google Scholar
  18. Wang R, Chen S, Deng L, Fritz E, Huttermann A, Polle A (2007) Leaf photosynthesis, fluorescence response to salinity and the relevance to chloroplast salt compartmentation and anti-oxidative stress in two poplars. Trees 21:581–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wang R, Chen S, Zhou X, Shen X, Deng L, Zhu H, Shao J, Shi Y, Dai S, Fritz E, Huttermann A, Polle A (2008) Ionic homeostasis and reactive oxygen species control in leaves and xylem sap of two poplars subjected to NaCl stress. Tree Physiol 28:947–957CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Yang L, Yang Y, Chen Z, Guo C, Li S (2014) Influence of super absorbent polymer on soil water retention, seed germination and plant survivals for rocky slopes eco-engineering. Ecol Eng 62:27–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Zangooei-Nasab Sh, Imami H, Astaraei AR, Yari AR (2012) The effects of Stockosorb hydrogel and irrigation on growth and establishment of Saxaul plant. The First National Conference on Farm Water Management. p 9Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Water Engineering and Sciences, Ahvaz BranchIslamic Azad UniversityAhvazIran

Personalised recommendations