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Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 27–37 | Cite as

Nitric oxide alleviates deterioration and preserves antioxidant properties in ‘Tainong’ mango fruit during ripening

  • Yanfang Ren
  • Junyu He
  • Houyu Liu
  • Guoqing Liu
  • Xiaoling Ren
Research Report

Abstract

We investigated the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on quality, membrane lipid peroxidation, and antioxidant enzymes in mango (Mangifera indica L. cv ‘Tainong’) fruit during ripening. Fruits were treated with 0.25 mmol·L-1 sodium nitroprusside (SNP) by the immersion method and stored at 23°C for 20 days. SNP treatment significantly suppressed the respiration rate, enhanced fruit firmness, and decreased the rot index, peel color index, and weight loss in the fruit. This treatment also slowed the increase in soluble solids content (SSC) while maintaining high levels of titratable acidity (TA), ascorbic acid (AsA), and phenolic compounds. Furthermore, SNP treatment enhanced the antioxidant activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD) and reduced the activities of lipoxygenase (LOX) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) in mango fruit, which was associated with the reduced accumulation of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide anion radical (O 2 •- ), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) compared with the control. Therefore, the addition of exogenous SNP has the potential for improving quality and prolonging the shelf life of mango fruits by protecting them against oxidative damage caused by ROS during ripening.

Additional key words

antioxidant enzymes lipid peroxidation Mangifera indica quality sodium nitroprusside 

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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanfang Ren
    • 1
  • Junyu He
    • 1
  • Houyu Liu
    • 1
  • Guoqing Liu
    • 1
  • Xiaoling Ren
    • 1
  1. 1.College of AgricultureGuizhou UniversityGuiyangPeople’s Republic of China

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