Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 57, Issue 5, pp 504–510 | Cite as

Conditions during export affect the potential vase life of cut roses (Rosa hybrida L.)

  • Byung-Chun In
  • Ja-Hee Lee
  • Ae-Kyung Lee
  • Jin Hee LimEmail author
Research Report Postharvest Technology


We determined the longevity (i.e., potential vase life) of cut roses across seasons and identified key factors during export that affect vase life. We obtained cut Rosa hybrida L. ‘Lovely Lydia’ roses harvested at an identical stage of maturity from commercial rose growers in Jeonju and Jangsu, Korea, in December 2014 and in April, July, and December 2015. We randomly divided the roses into two groups, which were transported to Seoul or Japan, and assessed their vase life in a controlled environment room (standard conditions) at Sejong University or in test rooms (export conditions) in flower markets in Japan. We regarded vase life under standard conditions as potential vase life and vase life under export conditions as consumer-level vase life. Overall, export-environmental conditions and vase life varied greatly across seasons. A seasonal variation in vase life was observed in both groups of flowers, and the difference between potential vase life and vase life increased as the potential vase life increased. Multiple regression analysis indicated that vase life is negatively correlated with flower auction temperature but positively correlated with potential vase life, RH during loading, and RH in the warehouse. Furthermore, the vase life of cut roses depends primarily on potential vase life, indicating that potential vase life, which is determined by the time of harvest, is modified by environmental conditions during export.

Additional key words

multiple regression analysis longevity stomata transpiration vapor pressure deficit water relations 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Blomzandstra M, Pot CS, Maas FM, Schapendonk AH (1995) Effects of different light treatments on the nocturnal transpiration and dynamics of stomatal closure of two rose cultivars. Sci Hortic 61:251–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. De Stigter HCM (1980) Water balance of cut and intact ‘Sonia’ rose plants. Z Pflanzenphysiol 99:131–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Doi M, Hu Y, Imanishi H (2000a) Water relations of cut roses as influenced by vapor pressure deficits and temperatures. J Jpn Soc Hortic Sci 69:584–589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Doi M, Hu YX, Imanishi H (2000b) Factors affecting the water relations of cut roses placed in different vapor pressures. J Jpn Soc Hortic Sci 69:517–519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fanourakis D, Carvalho DRA, Gitonga VW, van Heusden AW, Almeida DPF, Heuvelink E, Carvalho SMP (2012) Breeding cut roses for better keeping quality: first steps. Acta Hortic 937:875–882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fanourakis D, Pieruschka R, Savvides A, Macnish AJ, Sarlikioti V, Woltering EJ (2013) Sources of vase life variation in cut roses: A review. Postharvest Biol Tec 78:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fanourakis D, Velez-Ramirez AI, In BC, Barendse H, van Meeteren U, Woltering EJ (2015) A survey of preharvest conditions affecting the regulation of water loss during vase life. Acta Hortic 1064: 195–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ichimura K, Kawabata Y, Kishimoto M, Goto R, Yamada K (2002) Variation with the cultivar in the vase life of cut rose flowers. Bull Natl Inst Flor Sci 2:9–20Google Scholar
  9. In BC, Chang MK, Byoun HJ, Son KC (2010) Effect of Vase Water Temperature and Leaf Number on Water Relations and Senescence of Cut Roses. Korean J Hortic Sci 28:609–617Google Scholar
  10. In BC, Inamoto K, Doi M (2009) An analysis of the causes of the seasonal fluctuations in vase life of cut roses. Hort Environ Biotechnol 50:446–450Google Scholar
  11. In BC, Motomura S, Inamoto K, Doi M, Mori G (2007) Multivariate analysis of relations between preharvest environmental factors, postharvest morphological and physiological factors, and vase life of cut ‘Asami Red’ roses. J Jpn Soc Hortic Sci 76:66–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. In BC, Seo JY, Lim JH (2016) Preharvest environmental conditions affect the vase life of winter-cut roses grown under different commercial greenhouses. Hortic Environ Biotechnol 57:27–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. JETRO (2011) Guidebook for export to Japan 2011: Cut Flowers. Trade And Economic Coopelation Department, Japan External Trade Organization, Tokyo, JapanGoogle Scholar
  14. Lee JH, Lee AK (2015) Analysis of conveyance environment and pre-treatment on quality maintenance of cut Dendranthema grandiflorum ‘Baekma’ during ship export to Japan. Korean J Hortic Sci Technol 33:697–704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lim JH, Shim MS, Seo JY, Baek YH (2014) Conjoint analysis of the Korean floriculture market for the main cut flowers to predict the demand for floriculture plants. Korean J Hortic Sci Technol 32:721–729CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. MAFF (2015) Statistics of Agriculture, Forestry ans Fisheries. The Statistics Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, JapanGoogle Scholar
  17. MAFRA (2014) Annual report of floriculture cultivation statistics 2013. Ministry for agriculture, Food and Rural AffairsGoogle Scholar
  18. Mortensen LM (2000) Effects of air humidity on growth, flowering, keeping quality and water relations of four short-day greenhouse species. Sci Hortic 86:299–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mortensen LM, Gislerød HR (1999) Influence of air humidity and lighting period on growth, vase life and water relations of 14 rose cultivars. Sci Hortic 82:289–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mortensen LM, Gislerød HR (2000) Effect of air humidity on growth, keeping quality, water relations, and nutrient content of cut roses. Gartenbauwissenschaft 65:40–44Google Scholar
  21. Park KH, Heo SY, Lee DS (2013) Strategic Development of Floricultural Industry for Stable Consumption and Export Industrialization. Korea Rural Economic Institute, Seoul, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  22. Reid MS (2005) Trends in flower marketing and postharvest handling in the United States. Acta Hortic 669:29–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Reid MS (2009) Handling of cut flowers for export. Proflora Bulletin 2009, p. 1–26Google Scholar
  24. Rihn AL, Yue CY, Hall C, Behe BK (2014) Consumer preferences for longevity information and guarantees on cut flower arrangements. Hortscience 49:769–778Google Scholar
  25. Torre S, Fjeld T, Gislerød HR, Moe R (2003) Leaf anatomy and stomatal morphology of greenhouse roses grown at moderate or high air humidity. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 128:598–602Google Scholar
  26. van Doorn WG (2012) Water relations of cut flowers. An update. Hortic Rev 40:55–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Byung-Chun In
    • 1
  • Ja-Hee Lee
    • 2
  • Ae-Kyung Lee
    • 2
  • Jin Hee Lim
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Bioindustry and Bioresource EngineeringSejong UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Environmental HorticultureDankook UniversityCheonanKorea

Personalised recommendations