Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 139–147 | Cite as

Increase in biomass and bioactive compounds in lettuce under various ratios of red to far-red LED light supplemented with blue LED light

  • Myung-Jin Lee
  • Ki-Ho Son
  • Myung-Min Oh
Research Report


The aim of this study was to analyze the growth and bioactive compounds of lettuce in response to far-red LED light supplemented with a combination of red and blue LED light. Sixteen-day-old red leaf lettuce seedlings were transplanted to a growth chamber equipped with red, blue, and far-red LEDs. After setting the ratio of blue (B) to red (R) LEDs to 2:8, the ratio of R to far-red (FR) LEDs was adjusted to 0.7, 1.2, 4.1, or 8.6 (B+R/FR 0.7, 1.2, 4.1, or 8.6). Additionally, plants were irradiated with combined B and R LEDs (B+R) and fluorescent lamps (control) for 24 days. Growth characteristics including cell division rate, epidermal cell density and thickness, and antioxidant phenolic compounds were measured. Supplementation with FR LED light improved shoot and root growth compared to plants under B+R and control treatment. B+R/FR 1.2 treatment resulted in the highest shoot fresh weight and leaf area on day 24 of treatment. Obvious activation of the G2M phase was not observed in plants under far-red treatment, and most far-red treatments besides B+R/FR 4.1 increased the epidermal cell size. Plants treated with B+R/FR ratios of only 0.7 and 1.2 had significantly higher total phenolic levels, antioxidant activity, chlorogenic acid contents, and caffeic acid contents per plant than the control. These results suggest that supplementing the existing visual light spectrum, such as red and blue light, with far-red LEDs improves lettuce growth and bioactive compound content in a closed-type plant production system.

Additional key words

closed-type plant production systems epidermal cell light quality 


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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Animal, Horticultural and Food SciencesChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuKorea
  2. 2.Brain Korea Center for Bio-Resource DevelopmentChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuKorea

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