Advertisement

Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 57, Issue 1, pp 27–37 | Cite as

Preharvest environmental conditions affect the vase life of winter-cut roses grown under different commercial greenhouses

  • Byung-Chun In
  • Ji Yeon Seo
  • Jin Hee Lim
Research Report Postharvest Technology

Abstract

The vase life of cut flowers is not only determined by differences between cultivars, but also by growth conditions. For instance, the vase life of cut roses that are grown hydroponically during the winter period often ends at an early stage of maturation due to petal wilting or neck bending. In addition, the vase life of cut roses from different growers varies markedly despite identical postharvest conditions. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms, the relationship between preharvest environmental factors, postharvest morphological and physiological factors, and the vase life of cut roses were determined. Cut roses (Rosa hybrid L. cv. Fuego) that were grown hydroponically during winter were harvested from three commercial greenhouses in Korea, and the interrelations between the above-mentioned factors and the vase life of the cut flowers were analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA). The vase life of roses varied by 70% among growers in January when the vapor pressure deficit (VPD) differed the most. PCA revealed that preharvest environmental conditions strongly correlated with changes in morphological and physiological characteristics and the vase life of the cut roses. Roses grown under high relative humidity (RH) and low VPD during the winter had less functional stomata and, consequently, higher transpiration from leaves after harvest. This increased transpiration caused shorter vase life in the cut roses. In addition, supplementary lighting, high photosynthetic photon flux, and CO2 supplementation also increased transpiration and, consequently, shortened vase life, although these conditions improved the external quality of the cut roses. Thus, the external quality, i.e., the appearance of the cut flowers, did not directly correspond with the length of vase life of the flowers. This study improves our understanding of the relationship between preharvest conditions and morphological and physiological characteristics and vase life of winter-cut roses.

Additional key words

growth conditions internal quality relative humidity stomata transpiration VPD 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Arve, L.E., M.T. Terfa, H.R. Gislerød, J.E. Olsen, and S. Torre. 2013. High relative air humidity and continuous light reduce stomata functionality by affecting the ABA regulation in rose leaves. Plant Cell Environ. 36;382–392.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Blomzandstra, M., C.S. Pot, F.M. Maas, and A.H. Schapendonk. 1995. Effects of different light treatments on the nocturnal transpiration and dynamics of stomatal closure of two rose cultivars. Sci. Hortic. 61;251–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burdett, A.N. 1970. Cause of Bent Neck in Cut Roses. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 95;427–431.Google Scholar
  4. Carpenter, W.J. and H.P. Rasmussen. 1974. The role of flower and leaves in cut flower water uptake. Sci. Hortic. 2;293–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. De Stigter, H.C.M. 1980. Water balance of cut and intact ‘Sonia’ rose plants. Z. Pflanzenphysiol. 99;131–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Doi, M., Y. Hu, and H. Imanishi. 2000. Water relations of cut roses as influenced by vapor pressure deficits and temperatures. J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 69;584–589.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Doi, M., M. Miyagawa-Namao, K. Inamoto, and H. Imanishi. 1999. Rhythmic changes in water uptake, transpiration and water potential of cut roses as affected by photoperiods. J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 68;861–867.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fanourakis, D., D.R.A. Carvalho, V.W. Gitonga, A.W. van Heusden, D.P.F. Almeida, E. Heuvelink, and S.M.P. Carvalho. 2012. Breeding cut roses for better keeping quality: first steps. Acta Hortic. 937;875–882.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fanourakis, D., R. Pieruschka, A. Savvides, A.J. Macnish, V. Sarlikioti, and E.J. Woltering. 2013. Sources of vase life variation in cut roses: A review. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 78;1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fanourakis, D., A.I. Velez-Ramirez, B.C. In, H. Barendse, U. van Meeteren, and E.J. Woltering. 2015. A survey of preharvest conditions affecting the regulation of water loss during vase life. Acta Hortic. 1064;195–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grace, J. 1988. Plant-Response to Wind. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 22;71–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ichimura, K., Y. Kawabata, M. Kishimoto, R. Goto, and K. Yamada. 2002. Variation with the cultivar in the vase life of cut rose flowers. Bull. Natl. Inst. Flor. Sci. 2;9–20.Google Scholar
  13. Ichimura, K., M. Kishimoto, R. Norikoshi, Y. Kawabata, and K. Yamada. 2005. Soluble carbohydrates and variation in vase-life of cut rose cultivars ‘Delilah’ and ‘Sonia’. J. Hortic. Sci. Biotechnol. 80;280–286.Google Scholar
  14. In, B.C., M.K. Chang, H.J. Byoun, and K.C. Son. 2010. Effect of Vase Water Temperature and Leaf Number on Water Relations and Senescence of Cut Roses. Korean J. Hortic. Sci. Technol. 28;609–617.Google Scholar
  15. In, B.C., S. Motomura, K. Inamoto, M. Doi, and G. Mori. 2007. Multivariate analysis of relations between preharvest environmental factors, postharvest morphological and physiological factors, and vase life of cut ‘Asami Red’ roses. J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 76;66–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. In, B.C., K. Sato, K. Inamoto, and M. Doi. 2006a. Effects of air-blowing treatment on yield, transpiration and vase life of cut flowers in ‘Asami Red’ rose plant. J. Jpn. Soc. Agric. Technol. Manage. 13;64–69.Google Scholar
  17. In, B.C., K. Sato, K. Ito, K. Inamoto, M. Doi, and G. Mori. 2006b. Influences of preharvest relative humidity on yield, vase life and transpiration of cut roses. Environ. Control Biol. 44;257–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mansfield, T.A. and C.J. Atkinson. 1990. Stomatal behaviour in water stressed plants, p. 241–264. In: R.G. Alscher and J.R. Cumming (eds.). Stress Responses in Plants: Adaptation and Acclimation Mechanisms. Wiley-Liss, New York.Google Scholar
  19. Marissen, N. 2005. Postharvest quality of roses as related to preharvest conditions. Acta Hortic. 669;225–262.Google Scholar
  20. Marissen, N. and J. Benninga. 2001. A nursery comparison on the vase life of the rose ‘First Red’: effects of growth circumstances. Acta Hortic. 543;285–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mayak, S. and A.H. Halevy. 1980. Flower senescence, p. 131–156. In: K.V. Thimann (ed.). Senescence in Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton.Google Scholar
  22. Mayak, S., A.H. Halevy, S. Sagie, A. Bar-Yoseph, and B. Bravdo. 1974. The water balance of cut rose flowers Physiol. Plant. 31;15–22.Google Scholar
  23. McGuire, R.G. 1992. Reporting of objective color measurements. Hortscience 27;1254–1255.Google Scholar
  24. Mortensen, L.M. and T. Fjeld. 1995. High air humidity reduces the keeping quality of cut roses. Acta Hortic. 405;148–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mortensen, L.M. and T. Fjeld. 1998. Effects of air humidity, lighting period and lamp type on growth and vase life of roses. Sci. Hortic. 73:229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mortensen, L.M. and H.R. Gislerød. 1997. Effects of air humidity and air movement on the growth and keeping quality of roses. Gartenbauwissenschaft 62;273–277.Google Scholar
  27. Mortensen, L.M. and H.R. Gislerød. 1999. Influence of air humidity and lighting period on growth, vase life and water relations of 14 rose cultivars. Sci. Hortic. 82:289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mortensen, L.M. and H.R. Gislerød. 2000. Effect of air humidity on growth, keeping quality, water relations, and nutrient content of cut roses. Gartenbauwissenschaft 65;40–44.Google Scholar
  29. Paulin, A. 1986. Influence of exogeneous sugars on the evolution of some senescence parameters of petals. Acta Hortic. 181;183–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pettersen, R.I., R. Moe, and H.R. Gislerød. 2007. Growth of pot roses and post-harvest rate of water loss as affected by air humidity and temperature variations during growth under continuous light. Sci. Hortic. 114;207–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pompodakis, N.E., L.A. Terry, D.C. Joyce, D.E. Lydakis, and M.D. Papadimitriou. 2005. Effect of seasonal variation and storage temperature on leaf chlorophyll fluorescence and vase life of cut roses. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 36;1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Slootweg, G., M.A. ten Hoope, and A. de Gelder. 2001. Seasonal changes in vase life, transpiration and leaf drying of cut roses. Acta Hortic. 543;337–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Torre, S. and T. Fjeld. 2001. Water loss and postharvest characteristics of cut roses grown at high or moderate relative air humidity. Sci. Hortic. 89:217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Torre, S., T. Fjeld, H.R. Gislerød, and R. Moe. 2003. Leaf anatomy and stomatal morphology of greenhouse roses grown at moderate or high air humidity. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 128;598–602.Google Scholar
  35. van Doorn, W.G. 1997. Water relations of cut flowers. Hortic. Rev. 18;1–85.Google Scholar
  36. van Doorn, W.G. 2002. Effect of ethylene on flower abscission: a survey. Ann. Bot. 89;689–693.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. van Meeteren, U., A. van Gelder, and W. van Ieperen. 2005. Effect of growth condtions on post harvest rehydration ability of cut chrysanthemum flowers. Acta Hortic. 669;287–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wang, S., T. Boulard, and R. Haxaire. 2000. Measurement and analysis of air speed distribution in a naturally ventilated greenhouse. Acta Hortic. 534;277–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Yabuki, M. and H. Miyagawa. 1970. Studies on the effect of wind speed upon the photosynthesis. (2) The relation between wind speed and photosynthesis. J. Agric. Meteorol. 26;137–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yabuki, M., H. Miyagawa, and A. Ishibashi. 1970. Studies on the effect of wind speed upon the photosynthesis. (1) Boundary layer near leaf surface. J. Agric. Meteorol. 26;1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zieslin, N. 1989. Postharvest control of vaselife and senescence of rose flowers. Acta Hortic. 261;257–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Bioresources EngineeringSejong UniversitySeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations