Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 182–190 | Cite as

Development of molecular markers for authentication of the medicinal plant species Patrinia by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis and multiplex-PCR

  • Byeong Cheol MoonEmail author
  • Young Mi Lee
  • Wook Jin Kim
  • Yunui Ji
  • Young Min Kang
  • Goya Choi
Research Report


The authentication of components from plant species is vital for the quality control and standardization of herbal medicines. Due to morphological similarities when dried, it is very difficult to distinguish authentic medicinal plants Patrinia villosa and P. scabiosifolia from adulterants of P. rupestris and P. saniculifolia in the herbal medicine Patriniae Radix. To establish a reliable authentication tool distinguishing authentic Patriniae Radix species from adulterants, we used random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) genomic profiling and obtained several species-specific DNA fragments for each of the four Patrinia species. Based on the sequences of these amplicons, we developed sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers as stable molecular authentication tools. SCAR markers to identify the authentic Patriniae Radix species, P. villosa and P. scabiosifolia, were developed. To accurately identify adulterants, we also developed SCAR markers able to identify the inauthentic P. rupestris and P. saniculifolia species. Furthermore, we established multiplex-PCR SCAR assays to simultaneously distinguish all four species using combinations of species-specific SCAR marker primer sets. These efforts resulted in reliable DNA-based molecular markers to identify authentic Patriniae Radix species from their adulterants and a rapid authentication assay for the efficient identification of Patrinia species. These markers will facilitate the standardization of Patriniae Radix preparations and therefore prevent the distribution of adulterants.

Additional key words

molecular authentication Patrinia species Patriniae Radix sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) marker 


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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Byeong Cheol Moon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Young Mi Lee
    • 1
  • Wook Jin Kim
    • 1
  • Yunui Ji
    • 1
  • Young Min Kang
    • 1
  • Goya Choi
    • 1
  1. 1.K-herb Research CenterKorea Institute of Oriental MedicineDaejeonKorea

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