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Control of post-harvest anthracnose infection in guava (Psidium guajava) fruits with phosphites, calcium chloride, acetyl salicylic acid, hot water, and 1-MCP

  • André Freire CruzEmail author
  • Nathalia Lima Medeiros
  • Gustavo Lessa Benedet
  • Maira Borges Araújo
  • Carlos Hidemi Uesugi
  • Marisa Alvares da Silva Velloso Ferreira
  • José Ricardo Peixoto
  • Luiz Eduardo Bassay Blum
Research Report Postharvest Technology

Abstract

The control of anthracnose (Colletotrichum simmondsii) during the post-harvest stage in guava fruits (Psidium guajava L.) was performed by the application of phosphites [phosphite-K (40% P2O5 and 30% K2O) and phosphite-Ca (10.7% P2O5, 3.89% Ca, and 0.5% B)] including the Carbendazim as reference, calcium chloride (CaCl2), acetyl salicylic acid (ASA), hot water (HW), and 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP). These treatments were applied individually or in combination each other with two or three compounds. The evaluated parameters were diameter of anthracnose lesion (DL), number of lesions (NL), and fruit quality (fresh weight loss, pH, total soluble solids, and titrable acidity]. The fruits were disinfested, inoculated, and maintained in an incubator containing fluorescent lights at 75 µmol·m-2·s-1 (25°C, 12h photoperiod) for 5 days and were then analyzed. The results showed that the DL and the NL were reduced following treatments, and that the HW (47°C for 20 min) was the strongest and the 1-MCP treatment was the least effective. The physico-chemical characteristics of fruits were affected by some treatments without compromising fruit quality. The combination of treatments was also able to alleviate the anthracnose effect on fruits compared to individual treatments and the control without affect the fruit quality. The combinations which included the HW treatment showed the best performance to control this disease, particularly when combined with the 1-MCP and phosphite.

Additional key words

Colletotrichum simmondsii fruit lesion fruit quality titrable acidity 

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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • André Freire Cruz
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nathalia Lima Medeiros
    • 3
  • Gustavo Lessa Benedet
    • 3
  • Maira Borges Araújo
    • 3
  • Carlos Hidemi Uesugi
    • 2
  • Marisa Alvares da Silva Velloso Ferreira
    • 2
  • José Ricardo Peixoto
    • 3
  • Luiz Eduardo Bassay Blum
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Life and Environmental SciencesKyoto Prefectural UniversitySakyo-ku, KyotoJapan
  2. 2.Departamento de Fitopatologia, Campus Universitário Darcy RibeiroUniversidade de BrasíliaBrasíliaBrazil
  3. 3.Faculdade de Agronomia e Veterinária, Campus Universitário Darcy RibeiroUniversidade de BrasíliaBrasíliaBrasil

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