Advertisement

Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 52–57 | Cite as

Visual symptom and tissue nutrient contents in dry matter and petiole sap for diagnostic criteria of phosphorus nutrition for ‘Seolhyang’ strawberry cultivation

  • Jong Myung ChoiEmail author
  • Ahmed Latigui
  • Chiwon W. Lee
Research Report

Abstract

‘Seolhyang’ strawberries (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) were grown in a soilless substrate with fertigation solutions to evaluate the effects of six different P concentrations (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 6 meq·L−1) on the growth and nutrient contents in dry matter of above-ground tissue and petiole sap. The changes in electrical conductivity (EC) and pH of the root substrate were also investigated. Deficient and excess concentrations of phosphorus, such as 0 and 6 meq·L−1, seriously restricted the plant growth. These two treatments showed the least values in leaf number, plant height, leaf length and width, petiole length, and fresh and dry weights. The solution containing 1 meq·L−1 of phosphorus showed the greatest plant growth compared to the other treatments. The macro-element contents such as P, K, Ca, and Mg showed increased tendencies as P concentrations were elevated but, micro-elements such as Fe and Mn showed decreased tendencies in dry matter of above-ground tissue. When P concentrations were elevated, the pH and EC in the soil solution of root substrate decreased. Considering the crop growth and tissue nutrient contents, the P concentrations should be between 0.5 to 2.0 meq·L−1 and the P contents in the dry matter and petiole sap were 0.23 to 0.62% and 205 to 305 mg·kg−1.

Additional key words

EC growth characteristics nutrient contents pH 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Assuero, S.G., A. Mollier, and S. Pellerin. 2004. The decrease in growth of phosphorus deficient maize leaves are related to a lower cell production. Plant Cell Environ. 27:887–895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Babiker, A.A., H. Mohamed, K. Terao, and K. Ohta. 2004. Assessment of groundwater contamination by nitrate leaching from intensive vegetable cultivation using geographical information system. Environ. Intl. 29:1009–1016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown, P.H. 2001. Transient nutrient deficiencies and their impact on yield — A rationale for foliar fertilizers? Acta Hort. 564:217–223.Google Scholar
  4. Cataldo, D.A., M. Haren, L.E. Shrader, and V.L. Young. 1975. Rapid colorimetric determination of nitrate in plant tissue by nitration salicylic acid. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 6:71–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chiera, J., J. Thomas, and T. Rufty. 2002. Leaf initiation and development in soybean under phosphorus stress. J. Exp. Bot. 53:473–481.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Choi, J.M. and C.W. Lee. 2012. Influence of elevated phosphorus levels in nutrient solution on micronutrient uptake and deficiency symptom development in strawberry cultured with fertigation system. J. Plant Nutr. 35:1349–1358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Choi J.M., S.K. Jeong, K.H. Cha, H.J. Chung, and K.S. Seo. 2000. Deficiency symptom, growth characteristics, and nutrient uptake of ‘Nyoho’ strawberry as affected by controlled nitrogen concentration in fertilizer solution. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 41:339–344.Google Scholar
  8. De Groot, C.C., L.F.M. Marcelis, R. Van den Boogard, and H. Lambers. 2001. Growth and dry-mass partitioning in tomato as affected by phosphorus nutrition and light. Plant Cell Environ. 24:1309–1316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Falade, A.J. 2006. Effects of macronutients on mineral distribution in cashew (Anacardium occidentalis L.). J. Sci. Food Agr. 29:81–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hu, Y. and U. Schmidhalter. 2005. Drought and salinity: A comparison of their effects on mineral nutrition of plants. J. Plant Nutrition Soil Sci. 168:541–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Liu, C., U.S. Muchhal, M. Uthappa, A.K. Kononowicz, and K.G. Raghothama. 1998. Tomato phosphate transporter genes are differentially regulated in plant tissues by phosphorus. Plant Physiol. 116:91–99.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Leikam, D.F., L.S. Murphy, D.E. Kissel, D.A. Whitney, and H.C. Moser. 1983. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus application method and nitrogen source on winter wheat grain yield and leaf tissue phosphorus. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 47:530–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lynch, J.P. and M. Dho. 2005. Rhizoeconomics: Carboncost of phosphorus acquisition. Plant Soil 269:45–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Palencia, P., F.F. Martinez, E. Ribeiro, M. Pestana, F. Gama, T. Saavedra, A. de Varennes, and P.J. Correia. 2010. Relationship between tipburn and leaf mineral composition in strawberry. Sci. Hort. 126:242–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sharma, R.R., V.B. Patel, and H. Krishna. 2006. Relationship between light, fruit and leaf mineral content with albinism incidence in strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.). Sci. Hort. 109:66–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Schwarz, M. 1995. Soilless culture management. Springer-Verlag, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tagliavini, M., E. Baldi, P. Lucchi, M. Antonelli, G. Sorrenti, G. Baruzzi, and W. Faedi. 2005. Dynamics of nutrients uptake by strawberry plants (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) grown in soil and soilless culture. European J. Agron. 23:15–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ulrich, A. 1993. Potato, p. 149–156. In: W.F. Bennett (ed.). Nutrient deficiencies & toxicities in crop plants. APS Press, St. Paul, Minn.Google Scholar
  19. Warncke, P.D. 1986. Analysing greenhouse growth media by the saturation extraction method. HortScience 21:223–225.Google Scholar
  20. Watanabe, T. 2007. Evolutionary control of leaf element composition in plant. New Phytol. 174:516–523.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jong Myung Choi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ahmed Latigui
    • 2
  • Chiwon W. Lee
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of HorticultureChungnam National UniversityDaejeonKorea
  2. 2.Laboratory of Plant Physiology Applied to Soilless CropTiaret UniversityTiaretAlgeria
  3. 3.Department of Plant SciencesNorth Dakota State UniversityFargoUSA

Personalised recommendations