Identification of a highly immunogenic mouse breast cancer sub cell line, 4T1-S
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Cancer vaccines serve as a promising clinical immunotherapeutic strategy that help to trigger an effective and specific antitumor immune response compared to conventional therapies. However, poor immunogenicity of tumor cells remains a major obstacle for clinical application, and developing new methods to modify the immunogenicity of tumor cells may help to improve the clinical outcome of cancer vaccines. 4T1 mouse breast cancer cell line has been known as poorly immunogenic and highly metastatic cell line. Using this model, we identified a sub cell line of 4T1—designated as 4T1-Sapporo (4T1-S)—which shows immunogenic properties when used as a vaccine against the same line. In 4T1-S-vaccinated mice, subcutaneous injection of 4T1-S resulted in an antitumor inflammatory response represented by significant enlargement of draining lymph nodes, accompanied with increased frequencies of activated CD8 T cells and a subpopulation of myeloid cells. Additionally, 4T1-S vaccine was ineffective to induce tumor rejection in nude mice, which importantly indicate that 4T1-S vaccine rely on T cell response to induce tumor rejection. Further analysis to identify mechanisms that control tumor immunogenicity in this model may help to develop new methods for improving the efficacies of clinical cancer vaccines.
KeywordsBreast cancer 4T1 Immunogenicity Transformation
Draining lymph node
Remote lymph node
Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes
This study was supported in part by research grants from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (KS). This work was also supported in part by the Suhara Foundation (KS).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
There is no conflict of interest.
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