Sankhya B

, Volume 81, Issue 1, pp 93–122 | Cite as

Inter-Class Orthogonal Main Effect Plans for Asymmetrical Experiments

  • Sunanda BagchiEmail author


In this paper we construct ‘inter-class orthogonal’ main effect plans (MEPs) for asymmetrical experiments. In such a plan, the factors are partitioned into classes so that any two factors from different classes are orthogonal. We have also defined the concept of “partial orthogonality” between a pair of factors. In many of our plans, partial orthogonality has been achieved when (total) orthogonality is not possible due to divisibility or any other restriction. We present a method of obtaining inter-class orthogonal MEPs. Using this method and also a method of ‘cut and paste’ we have obtained several series of inter-class orthogonal MEPs. One of them happens to be a series of orthogonal MEP (OMEPs) [see Theorem 3.6], which includes an OMEP for a 330 experiment on 64 runs. We have also obtained a series of MEPs which are almost orthogonal in the sense that every contrast is non-orthogonal to at most one more. A member of this series is an MEP for a 310210 experiment on 32 runs in which the only non-orthogonality is between the linear contrasts of pairs of three-level factors. Plans of small size (≤ 15 runs) are also constructed by ad-hoc methods. Among these plans there are MEPs for a 42.32.2 and a 35.2 experiment on 12 runs and a 52.32 experiment on 15 runs.


Main effect plans Inter-class orthogonality 

AMS (2000) subject classification



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The author is extremely grateful to the reviewers for all the thoughtful suggestions which have improved the presentation of the paper considerably. The author also express her gratitude to Professor J.P. Morgan of Virginia Tech for many fruitful discussions.


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Copyright information

© Indian Statistical Institute 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Theoretical Statistics and Mathematics UnitIndian Statistical InstituteBangaloreIndia

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