Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 359–371 | Cite as

Molecular approaches for designing heat tolerant wheat

  • Sundeep Kumar
  • Prerna Kumari
  • Uttam Kumar
  • Monendra Grover
  • Amit Kumar Singh
  • Rakesh Singh
  • R. S. Sengar
Review Article


Global warming is causing changes in temperature rapidly for over two decades. The increased temperature during reproductive phase of plant growth has emerged as a serious problem all over the world. Constant or transitory high temperatures may affect the plant growth and development which may lead to diverse morphological, physiological and biochemical changes in plants ultimately decrease in yield. Genetic approaches leading to improved thermo-tolerance can mitigate the reduction in yield. In this backdrop, several indirect traits or parameters have been developed for identification of heat tolerant plants/lines. The traits like stay green/delayed senescence are reported to contribute toward capability of plants to tolerate heat stress. In addition, understanding of biochemical and molecular basis of thermo-tolerance in combination with genetic approaches like identification and mapping of heat tolerant QTLs will not only assist conventional breeders to develop heat tolerant cultivars but also help molecular biologists to clone and characterize genes associated with heat tolerance, which could be used in genetically modified heat tolerant plants. Therefore, overviews of different strategies for developing heat tolerant wheat are discussed in this review.


Canopy temperature depression Global warming Molecular breeding QTL mapping Reactive oxygen species Stay green Stomatal conductance 



Canopy temperature depression


Green area under decline


Grain filling duration


Grain filling rate


Glutathione stransferase


Heat susceptibility index


Heat shock transcription factors


Membrane thermo stability


Relative humidity


Reactive oxygen species


Ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase


Serial analysis of gene expression


Stress susceptibility index


Thousand kernel weight

Supplementary material

13562_2013_229_MOESM1_ESM.doc (136 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 136 kb)


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Copyright information

© Society for Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sundeep Kumar
    • 1
  • Prerna Kumari
    • 2
  • Uttam Kumar
    • 3
  • Monendra Grover
    • 1
  • Amit Kumar Singh
    • 1
  • Rakesh Singh
    • 1
  • R. S. Sengar
    • 2
  1. 1.National Bureau of Plant Genetic ResourcesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyS.V.P.U.A&TMeerutIndia
  3. 3.International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)Mexico D.F.Mexico

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