Effects of Silicon in the Amelioration of Zn Toxicity on Antioxidant Enzyme Activities
- 35 Downloads
Silicon, an abundant element in the earth’s crust, is a known factor in reducing the toxicity of plants. The effects of silicon were investigated to the amelioration of Zinc (Zn) toxicity on antioxidant enzyme activities (Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT), and Glutathione Reductase (GR)), Hydrogen peroxide concentrations (H2O2), phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), and soluble protein (SP) in one bamboo species (Arundinaria pygmaea).
This study was conducted in vitro condition to determine the effects of four Zn concentrations (100, 300, 500, and 1000 µmol/L) at two different concentrations of silicon (Si) (0 and 100 µmol/L) on a single bamboo species (Arundinaria pygmaea).
The results indicated that Si can stimulate the plant defense mechanism and ameliorate heavy metal stress caused by Zn concentrations, which can increase antioxidant enzyme and non-enzyme activity and decrease damaging effects caused by free radicals, H2O2, and soluble protein in this bamboo species.
Furthermore, the results indicated that the combination of 100/300 µmol/L had a considerable impact on the reduction of Zn toxicity.
KeywordsAbiotic stress Heavy metals Silicon Zinc Arundinaria pygmaea
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Epstein, E. Silicon. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 50, 641–664 (1999).Google Scholar
- 6.Kim, Y. H., Khan, A. L., Waqas, M. & Lee, I. J. Silicon regulates Antioxidant Activities of crops plant under Abiotic-Induced Oxidative streses A review. Front. Plant Sci. 6, 510 (2017).Google Scholar
- 11.Pallavi, S., Ambuj, B. J., Rama, S. D. & Mohammad, P. Reactive Oxygen Species, Oxidative Damage, and Antioxidative Defense Mechanism in Plants under Stressful Conditions. J. Bot. 217037, doi: 10.1155/2012/217037 (2012).Google Scholar
- 36.Sanchez-Ballesta, M. T., Zacarias, L., Granell, A. & Lafuente, M. T. Accumulation of PAL transcript and PAL activity as affected by heat-conditioning and low-temperature storage and its relation to chilling sensitivity in mandarin fruits. J. Agric. Food Chem. 48, 2726–2731 (2000).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 39.Zhang, X. The Measurement and Mechanism of Lipid Peroxidation and SOD, POD and CAT Activities in Biological System. In Research Methodology of Crop Physiology (Agriculture Press, Beijing, China, 1992).Google Scholar
- 42.Zhang, Z. L. Experiment instruction of plant physiology (Higher Education Publishers, Beijing, 2005).Google Scholar