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Demography

pp 1–27 | Cite as

Life and Death in the American City: Men’s Life Expectancy in 25 Major American Cities From 1990 to 2015

  • Andrew FenelonEmail author
  • Michel Boudreaux
Article

Abstract

The past several decades have witnessed growing geographic disparities in life expectancy within the United States, yet the mortality experience of U.S. cities has received little attention. We examine changes in men’s life expectancy at birth for the 25 largest U.S. cities from 1990 to 2015, using mortality data with city of residence identifiers. We reveal remarkable increases in life expectancy for several U.S. cities. Men’s life expectancy increased by 13.7 years in San Francisco and Washington, DC, and by 11.8 years in New York between 1990 and 2015, during which overall U.S. life expectancy increased by just 4.8 years. A significant fraction of gains in the top-performing cities relative to the U.S. average is explained by reductions in HIV/AIDS and homicide during the 1990s and 2000s. Although black men tended to see larger life expectancy gains than white men in most cities, changes in socioeconomic and racial population composition also contributed to these trends.

Keywords

Cities Life expectancy United States HIV/AIDS Homicide 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge infrastructure support from the Maryland Population Research Center P2C Award (P2C-HD041041). We are grateful to Isaac Sasson for helpful comments.

Supplementary material

13524_2019_821_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (626 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 625 kb)

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public Policy and Department of Sociology and CriminologyPenn State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Health Policy and ManagementUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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