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Demography

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 1051–1084 | Cite as

Socioeconomic Segregation in Large Cities in France and the United States

  • Lincoln QuillianEmail author
  • Hugues Lagrange
Article

Abstract

Past cross-national comparisons of socioeconomic segregation have been undercut by lack of comparability in measures, data, and concepts. Using IRIS data from the French Census of 2008 and the French Ministry of Finance as well as tract data from the American Community Survey (2006–2010) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Picture of Subsidized Households, and constructing measures to be as similar as possible, we compare socioeconomic segregation in metropolitan areas with a population of more than 1 million in France and the United States. We find much higher socioeconomic segregation in large metropolitan areas in the United States than in France. We also find (1) a strong pattern of low-income neighborhoods in central cities and high-income neighborhoods in suburbs in the United States, but varying patterns across metropolitan areas in France; (2) that high-income persons are the most segregated group in both countries; (3) that the shares of neighborhood income differences that can be explained by neighborhood racial/ethnic composition are similar in France and the United States; and (4) that government-assisted housing is disproportionately located in the poorest neighborhoods in the United States but is spread across many neighborhood income levels in France. We conclude that differences in government provision of housing assistance and levels of income inequality are likely important contributing factors to the Franco-U.S. difference in socioeconomic segregation.

Keywords

Segregation Income segregation Socioeconomic status Franco-U.S. comparisons Urban demography 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Work on this project was supported by a grant from the Partner University Fund of the FACE foundation and a residential fellowship from the Russell Sage Foundation to the first author. An earlier version of this article was presented at the IPR-OSC Conference in Paris, France, June 21–22, 2012, and at the meetings of the American Sociological Association in New York City, August 10–13, 2013.

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.CNRS & Sciences Po Paris, Observatoire Sociologique du ChangementParis Cedex 07France

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