Demography

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 27–53 | Cite as

Fertility Responses of High-Skilled Native Women to Immigrant Inflows

Article

Abstract

Despite debate regarding the magnitude of the impact, immigrant inflows are generally understood to depress wages and increase employment in immigrant-intensive sectors. In light of the overrepresentation of the foreign-born in the childcare industry, this article examines whether college-educated native women respond to immigrant-induced lower cost and potentially more convenient childcare options with increased fertility. An analysis of U.S. Census data between 1980 and 2000 suggests that immigrant inflows are indeed associated with native women’s increased likelihoods of having a baby, and responses are strongest among women who are most likely to consider childcare costs when making fertility decisions—namely, married women and women with a graduate degree. Given that native women also respond to immigrant inflows by working long hours, this article concludes with an analysis of the types of women who have stronger fertility responses versus labor supply responses to immigration.

Keywords

Fertility Childcare Immigration Labor supply 

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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