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Demography

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 1199–1224 | Cite as

How Resource Dynamics Explain Accumulating Developmental and Health Disparities for Teen Parents’ Children

  • Stefanie MollbornEmail author
  • Elizabeth Lawrence
  • Laurie James-Hawkins
  • Paula Fomby
Article

Abstract

This study examines the puzzle of disparities experienced by U.S. teen parents’ young children, whose health and development increasingly lag behind those of peers while their parents are simultaneously experiencing socioeconomic improvements. Using the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (2001–2007; N ≈ 8,600), we assess four dynamic patterns in socioeconomic resources that might account for these growing developmental and health disparities throughout early childhood and then test them in multilevel growth curve models. Persistently low socioeconomic resources constituted the strongest explanation, given that consistently low income, maternal education, and assets fully or partially account for growth in cognitive, behavioral, and health disparities experienced by teen parents’ children from infancy through kindergarten. That is, although teen parents gained socioeconomic resources over time, those resources remained relatively low, and the duration of exposure to limited resources explains observed growing disparities. Results suggest that policy interventions addressing the time dynamics of low socioeconomic resources in a household, in terms of both duration and developmental timing, are promising for reducing disparities experienced by teen parents’ children.

Keywords

Socioeconomic resources Resource dynamics Early childhood Teen parenthood Growth curve analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research is based on work supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation (SES 1061058). Research funds were also provided by the NIH/NICHD-funded CU Population Center (R24HD066613). The authors thank Richard Jessor, Sarah Kendig, Joshua Goode, Nancy Mann, Jeff Dennis, Fred Pampel, and Fernando Riosmena for their contributions to this project.

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefanie Mollborn
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elizabeth Lawrence
    • 1
  • Laurie James-Hawkins
    • 1
  • Paula Fomby
    • 2
  1. 1.Sociology and Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado BoulderBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Population Studies CenterUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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