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Mapping women’s presence and importance in the Brazilian maritime community

Abstract

This paper aims to present the initial results of mapping women’s participation in the maritime community of Brazil. The authors reflect on persistent symbols and historical advances related to women professional roles in Brazil, analysing the theme through the lenses of gender and feminism. The maritime community is understood as a diversified and open concept, which ranges from the civilian to the military groups, including women within shipping and chartering companies, local fishing communities and naval officials. By the methods of literature review and online surveying, it is possible to detect women’s main difficulties and challenges in working and thriving in what is considered to be essentially a masculine environment. This study is especially important to Brazil, a developing country with historical gender inequality and a patriarchal society.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    EFOMM (Escolas de Formação de Oficiais da Marinha Mercante) is the Portuguese abbreviation for the Graduation Schools of the Brazilian Merchant Navy Officers.

  2. 2.

    Only recently (2016), Brazil has created its own national Women’s International Shipping & Trading Association (WISTA). Created in 1984 with a history that goes back 10 years before it, “WISTA is an international networking organisation whose mission is to attract and support women, at the management level, in the maritime, trading and logistics sectors” (WISTA 2019). The Brazilian association is very recent, and there is still a need to consolidate data about the actual number of leadership positions held by women in the country.

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Correspondence to Rita de Cassia Oliveira Feodrippe.

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Medeiros, S.E., do Valle Ventura Piassi, F.A. & Oliveira Feodrippe, R. Mapping women’s presence and importance in the Brazilian maritime community. WMU J Marit Affairs 18, 557–578 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13437-019-00179-7

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Keywords

  • Brazil
  • Maritime community
  • Women
  • Challenges