Advertisement

WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 71–81 | Cite as

International cooperation against piracy: China's role, problems, and prospects

Article

Abstract

While there are some non-contentious issues about which states can cooperate, most must be molded around the demands of national interest. Piracy is a case where suppression would appear to be in the interest of all states; after all, pirates have been regarded as the enemies of all since Roman times. Despite this, states have often been more ambivalent as they have found piracy to be a useful cloak behind which to hide their wider geo-strategic ambitions. This paper notes that Somali piracy has attracted the interest of China whose citizens have been attacked and hijacked. It asks if this deployment demonstrates that China is committed to the protection of shipping in the context of the existing maritime order or if it has a wider purpose to advance Chinese interests in the Indian Ocean region.

Keywords

Piracy Maritime security Somalia China Indian Ocean 

References

  1. Antony RJ (2010) Piracy on the South China Coast through modern times. In: Ellerman BA et al (eds) Piracy and maritime crime: historical and modern case studies. Newport Papers 35. Naval War College Press, NewportGoogle Scholar
  2. Boyne S (2010) EU force seeks “eyes in the sky” as pirates head east. Jane's Navy Int 115(4):26–31Google Scholar
  3. Bradford JF (2008) Shifting the tides against piracy in Southeast Asian waters. Asian Surv XLVIII(3):483–484Google Scholar
  4. “China signs regional agreement against piracy.” People’s Daily, 28 October 2006 at http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200610/28/eng20061028_315879.html
  5. Dyer G (2010) Power play in South China Sea. Financial Times, 9 August 2010 at http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/d0ba0580-a3e2-11df-9e3a-00144feabdc0.html
  6. Emmers R (2007) Comprehensive security and resilience in Southeast Asia: ASEAN’s approach to terrorism and sea piracy. Singapore: Rajaratnam School if International Studies Working Paper No. 132, 10th July 2007. At http://www.rsis.edu.sg/publications/WorkingPapers/WP132.pdf
  7. Erikson AS (2010) Chinese sea power in action: the counter piracy mission in the Gulf of Aden and beyond. In: Kamphausen R et al (eds) The PLA at home and abroad: assessing the operational capabilities of China's military. US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, Carlisle Barracks, pp 295–376Google Scholar
  8. Erikson AS, Mikolay JD (2009) Welcome China to the fight against pirates. US Naval Inst Proc 135(3):34–41Google Scholar
  9. Grazebrook AW (1995) Naval forces and the control of piracy in Southeast Asia. Naval Forces 6(1):58–60Google Scholar
  10. Johnson K (2011) What kind of game is China playing? Wall Street Journal, 11 June 2011 at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304259304576374013537436924.html#articleTabs=article
  11. Kontorovich E (2004) The piracy analogy: modern universal jurisdiction's hollow foundation. Harv Int Law Rev 45(1):183–237Google Scholar
  12. Kraska J, Wilson B (2009) Combating pirates of the Gulf of Aden: the Djibouti Code and the Somali Coast Guard. Ocean Coastal Manag 30:1–5Google Scholar
  13. Lin-Greenberg E (2010) Dragon boats: assessing China's anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden. Def Secur Anal 26(2):213–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Martinez JS (2009) Slave trade on trial: lessons of a great human-rights law success. Boston Review, September–October 2009 at http://bostonreview.net/BR32.5/martinez.php.
  15. Morada NM (2010) Institutionalization of regional order: between norms and balance of power. Paper presented at The National Institute for Defense Studies, ‘Asia Pacific Countries’ Security Outlook and Its Implications for the Defense Sector’ workshop held on January 21–22, 2010, p. 33. At http://www.nids.go.jp/english/publication/joint_research/series1/pdf/series1-5.pdf
  16. Murphy K (1994) Hong Kong links China to bulk of sea piracy. International Herald Tribune, 17 March 1994. At: http://www.iht.com/articles/1994/03/17/hong_2.php.
  17. Murphy MN (2007) Piracy and UNCLOS: does international law help regional states combat piracy? In: Lehr P (ed) Violence at sea: piracy in the age of terrorism. Routledge, New York, pp 155–182Google Scholar
  18. Murphy MN (2009) Small boats, weak states, dirty money: piracy and maritime terrorism in the modern world. New York, Columbia University PressGoogle Scholar
  19. Murphy MN (2010) Somalia, the new barbary? Piracy and Islam in the Horn of Africa. New York, Columbia University PressGoogle Scholar
  20. Murray DH (2007) Chinese Pirates. In: Cordingly D (ed) Pirates: terror on the high seas from the Caribbean to the South China Sea. JG Press, East BridgewaterGoogle Scholar
  21. Oceans Beyond Piracy (2011) Kampala Process, ND. At http://oceansbeyondpiracy.org/matrix/activity/kampala-process
  22. Ploch L. et al.(2011) Piracy off the Horn of Africa. Congressional Research Service R40528, 28 September 2009. At http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/R40528_20090928.pdf
  23. Rees S (2011) Sweet water and bitter: the ships that stopped the slave trade. University of New Hampshire Press, LebanonGoogle Scholar
  24. Raymond CR (2009) Piracy and armed robbery in the Malacca Strait: a problem solved? In: Ellerman et al. (eds.) Piracy and maritime crime: historical and modern case studies. Newport, RI: Naval War College, Press, 2010. pp. 114–117Google Scholar
  25. Shalal-Esa A (2009) “Fight against pirates also needed ashore: US Navy.” Reuters, 4 May 2009 at http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSN0440838820090504
  26. Storey I (2008) Securing Southeast Asia’s sea lanes: a work in progress. Asia Policy, no. 6, July 2008, pp. 112–120. At: http://nbr.org/publications/asia_policy/AP6/AP6_E_Storey.pdf
  27. Testing the waters (2010) The Economist, 29 July 2010 at http://www.economist.com/node/16706997
  28. Turnbull S (2007) Pirates of the Far East, 811-1639. Osprey Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  29. US Department of State. Announcement of Counter-Piracy Initiatives. 15 April 2009 at http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2009a/04/121758.htm
  30. Weitz R (2009) Operation Somalia: China's first expeditionary force? China Secur 5(1):27–42, At http://www.washingtonobserver.org/pdfs/Weitz.pdf Google Scholar
  31. Willett L (2011) Piracy and power politics: naval presence and grand strategy in the Horn of Africa. RUSI J 156(6):20–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© World Maritime University 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Atlantic Council of the United StatesWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations