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Investigation of physicochemical properties of oil palm biomass for evaluating potential of biofuels production via pyrolysis processes

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Abstract

The objective of this work is to evaluate the potential of oil palm biomass (OPB) in terms of physicochemical properties for producing biofuels via pyrolysis processes. The OPB included oil palm trunk (OPT), oil palm fronds (OPF), oil palm shell (OPS), oil palm roots (OPR), oil palm decanter cake (OPDC), empty fruit bunches (EFB), oil palm fiber (OPFB), and oil palm sewage sludge (OPSS). Their physicochemical properties are considered on several physical, chemical, and thermal aspects. The results showed that particle size distribution and bulk density of ground OPB were different. The proximate analysis results of OPB were consistent with the lignocellulose content and extractives. The carbon and hydrogen content of the OPB were also correlated with the organic components. Some OPB contained high lignin and extractives. The lignin content of OPB strongly influenced to thermal decomposition trend. OPB contained high inorganic elements such as potassium (K), calcium (C), and iron (Fe). The higher heating value and potential use as energy equivalent with fossil fuels of the OPB were relatively low. OPB had low thermal conductivity, and the dielectric constant, loss factor, and tangent loss of the OPB were also low. Thus, these results will be beneficial for the researchers and biofuel producers for choosing the appropriate OPB, as well as the operating conditions and reactor types.

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Acknowledgments

The authors express their sincere appreciation to Energy Conservation Promotion Fund, Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO), Ministry of Energy of Thailand.

Funding information

This study was also supported by Thailand Research Fund (Contract number: MRG6280084), Prince of Songkla University (Contract number: RDO610037S), Graduate School, Prince of Songkla University, and Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Energy systems, Prince of Songkla University.

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Correspondence to Arkom Palamanit.

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Shrivastava, P., Khongphakdi, P., Palamanit, A. et al. Investigation of physicochemical properties of oil palm biomass for evaluating potential of biofuels production via pyrolysis processes. Biomass Conv. Bioref. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-019-00596-x

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Keywords

  • Biofuels
  • Biomass
  • Oil palm biomass
  • Physicochemical properties of biomass
  • Pyrolysis