Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 641–649 | Cite as

Solvent-free synthesis of nano-cancrinite from rice husk ash

  • Peng Zhang
  • Suqin LiEmail author
  • Changquan Zhang
Review Article


The solvent used in the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites is a major obstacle to achieve green and sustainable methods of synthesis, so the development of environmentally friendly zeolite synthesis technology has aroused widespread concern. As a solid waste, it still has a challenge for zeolites synthesis from rice husk ash by solvent-free method to increase its recovery rate and economic value. Our approach focused on reutilization of rice husk ash by converting it to cancrinite without employing solvents. The raw and as-synthesized products were characterized by XRD, XRF, SEM, FT-IR, UV-Raman, and BET analysis. The influence of Na2CO3·10H2O/SiO2 molar ratio and synthesis time on cancrinite crystal growth and properties was evaluated by various analytical methods. The results suggested that the optimal conditions of Na2CO3·10H2O/SiO2 and synthesis time for the cancrinite synthesis were 0.3 and 72 h, at this condition, the size of cancrinite was about 200 nm, the BET surface area was estimated to 59.909 m2/g, and the external surface area was 55.456 m2/g, which indicate the cancrinite was a good mesoporous material. From this study, it could be known that the synthesis process of cancrinite by solvent-free route was an amorphous sodium aluminosilicate phase followed by sodalite and finally cancrinite, which is different from the traditional hydrothermal method.


Sodalite Cancrinite Solvent-free method Rice husk ash 



The authors would like to thank Jianming Liu from Shiyanjia lab for the support of UV-Raman analysis.

Funding information

This work is supported by Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment (2017ZX07402001).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Metallurgical and Ecological EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingChina

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