Advertisement

Electronic Materials Letters

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 303–313 | Cite as

A High Performance Solar-Blind Detector Based on Mixed–Phase Zn0.45Mg0.55O Alloy Nanowires Network

  • Sai Ma
  • Shuanglong Feng
  • Shuai Kang
  • Feng Wang
  • Xie Fu
  • Wenqiang LuEmail author
Original Article - Electronics, Magnetics and Photonics
  • 55 Downloads

Abstract

The mixed-phase Zn0.45Mg0.55O alloy nanowires network was firstly synthesized on SiO2/Si substrate by chemical vapor deposition method. The metal–semiconductor–metal structured Zn0.45Mg0.55O nanowires solar-blind photodetector with a sharp absorption peak of wavelength 245 nm was fabricated, which exhibited an ultra-low dark current (0.2 nA), a high on–off ratio (2.85 × 103), a large peak responsivity (0.48 A/W) at 6 V bias, and a high external quantum efficiency (234.2%). This excellent performance is comparable with other ZnMgO thin film UV photodetectors. Moreover, the detection mechanism of this photodetector is explained by the modifications in energy band diagrams of different nanojunctions among Zn0.45Mg0.55O nanowires and heterojunction interfaces between wurtzite and cubic structured ZnMgO in mixed-phase Zn0.45Mg0.55O nanowire. It is found that nanojunctions and heterojunction interfaces could be responsible for a low dark current and high responsivity of this device based on mixed-phase Zn0.45Mg0.55O nanowire materials. This work reveals that the distinctive advantages of mixed-phase ZnMgO nanowires network for ultraviolet optoelectronic detection applications.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Mixed-phase Zn0.45Mg0.55Nanowires network Solar-blind UV photodetector 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Chongqing Research Program of Basic Research and Frontier Technology (No.cstc2017jcyjBX0030), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.61605207), the Central Government Guides Local Science and Technology Development Special Funds (2018), Chongqing major themes of integrated circuit industry (2018).

References

  1. 1.
    Peng, L., Hu, L., Fang, X.: Low-dimensional nanostructure ultraviolet photodetectors. Adv. Mater. 25, 37 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Han, S., Zhang, J., Zhang, Z., Zhao, Y., Wang, L., Zheng, J., Yao, B., Zhao, D., Shen, D.: Mg0.58Zn0.42O thin films on MgO substrates with MgO buffer layer. ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2, 7 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li, L., Lee, P.S., Yan, C., Zhai, T., Fang, X., Liao, M., Koide, Y., Bando, Y., Golberg, D.: Ultrahigh-performance solar-blind photodetectors based on individual single-crystalline In(2)Ge(2)O(7) nanobelts. Adv. Mater. 22, 45 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li, Y., Tokizono, T., Liao, M., Zhong, M., Koide, Y., Yamada, I., Delaunay, J.-J.: Efficient assembly of bridged β-Ga2O3 nanowires for solar-blind photodetection. Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 22 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tsai, D.S., Lien, W.C., Lien, D.H., Chen, K.M., Tsai, M.L., Senesky, D.G., Yu, Y.C., Pisano, A.P., He, J.H.: Solar-blind photodetectors for harsh electronics. Sci. Rep. 3, 2628 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Özgür, Ü., Alivov, Y.I., Liu, C., Teke, A., Reshchikov, M.A., Doğan, S., Avrutin, V., Cho, S.J., Morkoç, H.: A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices. J. Appl. Phys. 98, 41301 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Du, X., Mei, Z., Liu, Z., Guo, Y., Zhang, T., Hou, Y., Zhang, Z., Xue, Q., Kuznetsov, A.Y.: Controlled growth of high-quality ZnO-based films and fabrication of visible-blind and solar-blind ultra-violet detectors. Adv. Mater. 21, 45 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang, Z.L.: Splendid one-dimensional nanostructures of zinc oxide: a new nanomaterial family for nanotechnology. ACS Nano 2, 10 (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang, Z.L.: Zinc oxide nanostructures: growth, properties and applications. J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, 25 (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Teng, Y., Song, L.X., Liu, W., Xu, Z.Y., Wang, Q.S., Ruan, M.M.: Monodispersed hierarchical ZnGa2O4 microflowers for self-powered solar-blind detection. J. Mater. Chem. C. 4, 15 (2016)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xie, X., Zhang, Z., Li, B., Wang, S., Jiang, M., Shan, C., Zhao, D., Chen, H., Shen, D.: Enhanced solar-blind responsivity of photodetectors based on cubic MgZnO films via gallium doping. Opt. Express 22, 1 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu, Z., Huang, H., Liang, B., Wang, X., Wang, Z., Chen, D., Shen, G.: Zn2GeO4 and In2Ge2O7 nanowire mats based ultraviolet photodetectors on rigid and flexible substrates. Opt. Express 20, 3 (2012)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Su, L., Chen, H., Xu, X., Fang, X.: Novel BeZnO based self-powered dual-color UV photodetector realized via a one-step fabrication method. Laser. Photonics Rev. 11, 6 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fan, M.M., Liu, K.W., Chen, X., Wang, X., Zhang, Z.Z., Li, B.H., Shen, D.Z.: Mechanism of excellent photoelectric characteristics in mixed-phase ZnMgO ultraviolet photodetectors with single cutoff wavelength. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 37 (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fan, M.M., Liu, K.W., Zhang, Z.Z., Li, B.H., Chen, X., Zhao, D.X., Shan, C.X., Shen, D.Z.: High-performance solar-blind ultraviolet photodetector based on mixed-phase ZnMgO thin film. Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 1 (2014)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yang, J.-L., Liu, K.-W., Shen, D.-Z.: Recent progress of ZnMgO ultraviolet photodetector. Chin. Phys. B 26, 4 (2017)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Liu, P., Wang, H., Chen, J., Li, X., Zeng, H.: Rapid and high-efficiency laser-alloying formation of ZnMgO nanocrystals. Sci Rep. 6, 28131 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wang, L.K., Ju, Z.G., Zhang, J.Y., Zheng, J., Shen, D.Z.: Single-crystalline cubic MgZnO films and their application in deepultraviolet optoelectronic devices. Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131113 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Xie, X.H., Zhang, Z.Z., Shan, C.X., Chen, H.Y., Shen, D.Z.: Dual-color ultraviolet photodetector based on mixed-phase-MgZnO/i-MgO/p-Si double heterojunction. Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 8 (2012)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Liang, H.L., Mei, Z.X., Liu, Z.L., Guo, Y., Azarov, A.Y., Kuznetsov, A.Y., Hallen, A., Du, X.L.: Growth of single-phase Mg0.3Zn0.7O films suitable for solar-blind optical devices on RS-MgO substrates. Thin Solid Films. 520, 6 (2012)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li, L., Gu, L., Lou, Z., Fan, Z., Shen, G.: ZnO quantum dot decorated Zn2SnO4 nanowire heterojunction photodetectors with drastic performance enhancement and flexible ultraviolet image sensors. ACS Nano 11, 4 (2017)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Xu, L., Li, X., Zhan, Z., Wang, L., Feng, S., Chai, X., Lu, W., Shen, J., Weng, Z., Sun, J.: Catalyst-free, selective growth of ZnO nanowires on SiO2 by chemical vapor deposition for transfer-free fabrication of UV photodetectors. ACS. Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 36 (2015)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Endo, H., Kikuchi, M., Ashioi, M., Kashiwaba, Y., Hane, K., Kashiwaba, Y.: High-sensitivity mid-ultraviolet Pt/Mg0.59Zn0.41O schottky photodiode on a ZnO single crystal substrate. Appl. Phys. Express. 1, 5 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lou, Z., Li, L., Shen, G.: High-performance rigid and flexible ultraviolet photodetectors with single-crystalline ZnGa2O4 nanowires. Nano Res. 8, 7 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hsu, C.L., Chang, S.J.: Doped ZnO 1D nanostructures: synthesis, properties, and photodetector application. Small 10, 22 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhan, Z., Xu, L., An, J., Du, H., Weng, Z., Lu, W.: Direct catalyst-free chemical vapor deposition of ZnO nanowire array UV photodetectors with enhanced photoresponse speed. Adv. Eng. Mater. 19, 8 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Liu, Y.H., Young, S.-J., Hsiao, C.H., Ji, L.-W., Meen, T.H., Water, W., Chang, S.-J.: Visible-blind photodetectors with Mg-doped ZnO nanorods. IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 7 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhu, Y., Liu, K., Wang, X., Yang, J., Chen, X., Xie, X., Li, B., Shen, D.: Performance improvement of a ZnMgO ultraviolet detector by chemical treatment with hydrogen peroxide. J. Mater. Chem. C 5, 30 (2017)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Gedamu, D., Paulowicz, I., Kaps, S., Lupan, O., Wille, S., Haidarschin, G., Mishra, Y.K., Adelung, R.: Rapid fabrication technique for interpenetrated ZnO nanotetrapod networks for fast UV sensors. Adv. Mater. 26, 10 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Li, L., Jiang, H., Han, X., Zhan, Z., Du, H., Lu, W., Li, Z., Tao, Z., Fan, Y.: Optimizing growth of ZnO nanowire networks for high-performance UV detection. Ceram. Int. 43, 17 (2017)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Peng, S.M., Su, Y.K., Ji, L.W., Wu, C.Z., Cheng, W.B., Chao, W.C.: ZnO nanobridge array UV photodetectors. J. Phys. Chem. C. 114, 7 (2010)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Fan, M.-M., Liu, K.-W., Chen, X., Zhang, Z.-Z., Li, B.-H., Zhao, H.-F., Shen, D.-Z.: Realization of cubic ZnMgO photodetectors for UVB applications. J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 2 (2015)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Fan, M.-M., Liu, K.-W., Chen, X., Zhang, Z.-Z., Li, B.-H., Shen, D.-Z.: A self-powered solar-blind ultraviolet photodetector based on a Ag/ZnMgO/ZnO structure with fast response speed. RSC Adv. 7, 22 (2017)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Hou, Y.N., Mei, Z.X., Liang, H.L., Ye, D.Q., Gu, C.Z., Du, X.L.: Dual-band MgZnO ultraviolet photodetector integrated with Si. Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 153510 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Liang, H.L., Mei, Z.X., Zhang, Q.H., Gu, L., Liang, S., Hou, Y.N., Ye, D.Q., Gu, C.Z., Yu, R.C., Du, X.L.: Interface engineering of high-Mg-content MgZnO/BeO/Si for p-n heterojunction solar-blind ultraviolet photodetectors. Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221902 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Han, S., Zhang, Z., Zhang, J., Wang, L., Zheng, J., Zhao, H., Zhang, Y., Jiang, M., Wang, S., Zhao, D., Shan, C., Li, B., Shen, D.: Photoconductive gain in solar-blind ultraviolet photodetector based on Mg0.52Zn0.48O thin film. Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 24 (2011)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Wang, L.K., Ju, Z.G., Zhang, J.Y., Zheng, J., Shen, D.Z., Yao, B., Zhao, D.X., Zhang, Z.Z., Li, B.H., Shan, C.X.: Single-crystalline cubic MgZnO films and their application in deep-ultraviolet optoelectronic devices. Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 13 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sai Ma
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shuanglong Feng
    • 1
  • Shuai Kang
    • 1
  • Feng Wang
    • 3
  • Xie Fu
    • 1
  • Wenqiang Lu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Chongqing Key Laboratory of Multi-scale Manufacturing Technology, Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesChongqingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Changzhou Institute of Mechatronic TechnologyJiangsuChina

Personalised recommendations