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Electronic Materials Letters

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 84–101 | Cite as

Soft, Self-Assembly Liquid Crystalline Nanocomposite for Superior Switching

  • Kaushik PalEmail author
  • Sami Sajjadifar
  • Mohamed Abd Elkodous
  • Yakubu Adekunle Alli
  • Fernando Gomes
  • Jaison Jeevanandam
  • Sabu Thomas
  • Alexander Sigov
Original Article – Nanomaterials
  • 139 Downloads

Abstract

Liquid crystal (LC) has long been a feature in Materials Science and Nanotechnology, have recently been extended into the appealing domain of complex hybrid materials. The crystalline structural effects of alkoxy chain lengths and the mesogen properties of hydrogen-bonded (n-OBASA) complexes (n = 5,6,7) have been investigated in recent studies. The LC-based hybrid nanocomposite materials–obtained by the homogeneous dispersion of zinc oxide nanowires (ZnO NWs) as a dopant into hydrogen-bonded liquid-crystalline compounds—seem to be particularly promising in this article. Optimizing the geometry of surface stabilizing electro-optic, LC cell reveals the typical intermolecular hydrogen bond (H-bond) formation. Here, we explore molecular-colloidal hybrid composite matrix formed from LCs and dilute dispersions of orientation-ordered ZnO NWs, for eventual potential application in smart switchable display devices. In addition, we investigated the structural, dielectric and optical properties of the nanocomposite, and electro-optical studies which were performed by exploiting the potential during the conditions before the opening of spectrum acquisition. Our novel findings confirm that the electric field induces a charge transfer of the LC molecules to the nanomaterial, which acts as a trap for ionic charges. This effect may be utilized to achieve superior switching operation that is electro-optically tunable. Such dynamic novel switching could be harnessed in smart LCD technology and pave the way towards innovative display modulation techniques.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Liquid crystal ZnO nanowires Hybrid nanocomposite Switchable device 

Notes

Acknowledgements

All the associate colleagues and doctoral scholars at Wuhan University, China should gratefully acknowledge by Prof. Kaushik Pal. Especially, sincere thanks to my Bachelor/Masters students, technitians and scientific operators, as well as entire teams of research members should acknowledge during “BK-21 Visiting Scientist” associate position in South Korea. We are grateful to our co-workers Prof. Madhu Mohan and Dr. P. Subhapriya from Liquid Crystals Research Laboratory, BIT Sathyamangalam encouraged for liquid crystal preparation and molecular dynamics performed by ‘Gaussian’ simulation. Sincere ‘Thanks’ will go to Dean (Research) at BIHER, Chennai provides excellence of the research laboratory foundation and co-operation of existing Nanotechnology laboratory. All scientific members are gratefully acknowledged for giving scopes to develop research ideas and scientific innovations. The author M. Abd Elkodous is also grateful to Prof. Radwan (Dean- Research), for giving research friendly scopes at Nile University in Egypt.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors have declared that, there is no conflict of any financial interests or authorship to publish the article.

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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaushik Pal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sami Sajjadifar
    • 2
  • Mohamed Abd Elkodous
    • 3
  • Yakubu Adekunle Alli
    • 4
  • Fernando Gomes
    • 5
  • Jaison Jeevanandam
    • 6
  • Sabu Thomas
    • 7
  • Alexander Sigov
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of NanotechnologyBharath Institute of Higher Education and Research(BIHER), Bharath UniversitySelaiyur, ChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryPayame Noor University (PNU), IlamTehranIran
  3. 3.Center for Nanotechnology (CNT), School of Engineering and Applied SciencesNile UniversitySheikh ZayedEgypt
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, College of Physical SciencesFederal University of AgricultureAbeokutaNigeria
  5. 5.Instituto de Macromoléculas:Professora Eloisa ManoCentro de Technologia-Cidade UniversitáriaRio de JenerioBrazil
  6. 6.Department of Chemical EngineeringCurtin UniversityMiriMalaysia
  7. 7.IIUCN, School of Chemical SciencesMahatma Gandhi UniversityKottayamIndia
  8. 8.Department of NanoelectronicsMIREA - Russian Technological UniversityMoscowRussian Federation

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