Electronic Materials Letters

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 27–35 | Cite as

ZrO2 Nanoparticle Embedded Low Silver Lead Free Solder Alloy for Modern Electronic Devices

  • Ashutosh Sharma
  • Hakki Yu
  • In Sun Cho
  • Hyungtak Seo
  • Byungmin AhnEmail author


In this article, the authors present the synthesis of Sn–1.0Ag–0.5Cu (SAC105) alloy embedded with zirconium oxide nanoparticles using simple mechanical blending and casting route. The cast samples were characterized in terms of microstructural evolution, wetting, microhardness, and drop test reliability. The characterizations were performed by using a tabletop X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscope, and the compositions were identified by energy dispersive spectroscopy. The results showed that addition of ZrO2 nanoparticles significantly refines the grain size, Ag3Sn, and Cu6Sn5 intermetallic compounds thickness by 46, 14, and 26% respectively as compared to the single component SAC105 alloy. The results were also compared with those of standard Sn–3.0Ag–0.5Cu (SAC305) alloy. Although the spreading and microhardness of SAC105 is found to be slightly poor or comparable to SAC305 yet drop test reliability can be improved significantly after addition of ZrO2 nanoparticles appreciably. This kind of refinement results in a cheap alternative to SAC305 with comparable mechanical strength and high solder joint reliability.

Graphical Abstract


Microstructure Intermetallic Microhardness Low silver Electronics Melting Nanoparticle 



This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2018R1D1A1B07044481) (B.A.). This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2018R1D1A1B07044706) (A.S.). This research was also supported by the Ajou University research fund.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Department of Energy Systems ResearchAjou UniversitySuwonKorea

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