The Australian Educational Researcher

, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 273–295 | Cite as

The impact of racism on the schooling experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students: A systematic review

  • Nikki MoodieEmail author
  • Jacinta Maxwell
  • Sophie Rudolph


We present results of a systematic review of empirical research on racism and the schooling experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students, focussing on research published from 1989 to 2016. Our review is part of a series of systematic literature reviews on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander education in Australia. It attends to diverse manifestations of racism, from institutional and systemic discrimination to everyday microaggressions, and varying levels of analysis, from individual experiences to cohort approaches. This work adopts a critical perspective on disciplinary boundaries and the outcomes discourse within the broad field of education research. Additionally, we discuss the challenges inherent in systematic review inclusion/exclusion criteria related to racism in a field such as education in which racism and discrimination are frequently misrepresented or misreported, for example, as disciplinary and behaviour management issues, disadvantage or as regional and remote education challenges. The review discusses study types and locations, explores how racism is defined and understood and details the effects of racism on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students.


Race Racism Discrimination Prejudice Indigenous Education 



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Copyright information

© The Australian Association for Research in Education, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social and Political Sciences, Faculty of ArtsThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  2. 2.School of Linguistics, Adult and Specialist EducationUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia
  3. 3.Melbourne Graduate School of EducationThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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