Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 1685–1696 | Cite as

Investigation of Natural Convection Heat Transfer Along a Uniformly Heated Vertical Plate

  • Sebiha YildizEmail author
  • Burak Başaran
Research Article - Mechanical Engineering


Natural convection heat transfer along a vertical plate with uniform heat fluxes ranging from 400 to 1000 \(\hbox {W m}^{-2}\) was investigated by using air. The local surface temperatures on the heated surface were calculated by utilizing correlations existing in the literature. Computational analysis was also performed to determine the local wall temperatures for natural convection. The results of computational analysis of the velocity distribution of the fluid in the hydrodynamic boundary layer are presented as well as the thermal distribution in the velocity boundary layer, respectively. The local temperatures determined by those correlations were compared both with each other and then with the results of the computational analysis. The local temperature results obtained in the computational analysis were in good agreement with one of those correlations and demonstrate that the increase in uniform wall heat flux causes both an increase in the local wall temperature and an increase in the velocity of air in the hydrodynamic boundary layer. It was observed that local wall temperature had risen with the increase in the distance from the plate edge.


Natural convection Uniform wall heat flux A vertical plate Air Computational analysis 

List of symbols


Gravity constant \((\hbox {m s}^{-2})\)


Modified Grashof number (–)


Convection heat transfer coefficient \((\hbox {W m}^{-2}\hbox {K}^{-1})\)


Thermal conductivity \((\hbox {W m}^{-1} \hbox {K}^{-1})\)


Nusselt number (–)


Pressure (Pa)


Prandtl number (–)


Heat flux \((\hbox {W m}^{-2})\)


Rayleigh number (–)


Modified Rayleigh number (–)


Temperature (K)


Average fluid velocity components \((\hbox {m s}^{-1})\)


Cartesian coordinates (m)

Greek symbols

\(\alpha \)

Thermal diffusivity \((\hbox {m}^{2} \hbox {s}^{-1})\)

\(\beta \)

Volumetric thermal expansion coefficient \((\hbox {K}^{-1})\)

\(\theta \)

Plate angle (\(^{\circ }\))

\(\mu \)

Dynamic viscosity \((\hbox {kg m }^{-1}\hbox {s}^{-1})\)

\(\upnu \)

Kinematic viscosity \((\hbox {m }^{2}\hbox {s}^{-1})\)

\(\rho \)

Mass density \((\hbox {kg m}^{-3})\)





Film temperature conditions









\(\infty \)

Ambient conditions


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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringYildiz Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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