Analysis of the Message Propagation on the Highway in VANET
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Intelligent transportation systems are becoming more and more important nowadays. In these systems, vehicles and possibly the infrastructure communicate with each other by vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). VANETs are being deployed and widely used in urban as well as in highway applications. Several standard use cases have been identified over the last decade (i.e., alert messages, car following support, data exchange between vehicles). In this paper, we focus on the alert message propagation on the highway. We derive the stationary and the transient solution of the message propagation distance by constant vehicle speed. Since these messages frequently indicate an accident on the road leading to a traffic jam, we extend the model to take the queueing system due to the traffic jam also into consideration. Our analytical results are compared with SUMO-/Veins-based simulations.
KeywordsV2V M/D/1 Safety message Markov chain VANET
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Dhari Ali Mahmood would like to thank the Tempus Public Foundation (TPF)—Stipendium Hungaricum program and University of Technology—Iraq for the support for his Ph.D. Scholarship. This work is supported by the OTKA K-123914 Project.
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