Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 2103–2113 | Cite as

Switching Control Paradigms for Adaptive Cruise Control System with Stop-and-Go Scenario

  • Z. HaroonEmail author
  • B. Khan
  • U. Farid
  • S. M. Ali
  • C. A. Mehmood
Research Article - Electrical Engineering


The adaptive cruise control (ACC) system is currently one of the most common research topics in automotive industry. The ACC system tracks the velocity of preceding vehicle by adjusting the throttle angle and applying brake, whenever needed. This system is acknowledged for improving the fuel efficiency due to coordination between brake and throttle. Inappropriate switching between brake and throttle results in loss of energy that increases fuel consumption. To address aforesaid problem, novel coordinated switching controllers for the ACC system are proposed that enhances the fuel efficiency. Moreover, the proposed control strategies are compared for various traffic scenarios, and then, fuel economy is observed for the proposed control schemes. Fuel economy is investigated using switching control paradigm design; namely, the proportional–integral–derivative (PID) controller, adaptive proportional–integral–derivative (APID) controller, and fuzzy PID controller for actual nonlinear and linearized model of the ACC system for various traffic scenarios including stop and proposed control strategies are compared using performance indices for various traffic scenarios, such as CC, ACC, and ACC stop and go in order to show the validity of the design. Furthermore, the comparison among the PID, APID, and fuzzy PID control schemes is investigated to analyze fuel economy of the actual nonlinear CC and ACC system.


Adaptive cruise control (ACC) Adaptive proportional integral derivative (APID) Fuel economy Fuzzy PID Proportional integral derivative (PID) Stop and go (SG) 


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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Haroon
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. Khan
    • 1
  • U. Farid
    • 1
  • S. M. Ali
    • 1
  • C. A. Mehmood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringCOMSATS Institute of Information TechnologyAbbottabadPakistan

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