Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 43, Issue 9, pp 4517–4530 | Cite as

Experimental Studies on the Use of Pyrolysis Oil for Diesel Engine Applications and Optimization of Engine Parameters of Injection Timing, Injector Opening Pressure and Injector Nozzle Geometry

  • B. G. Sudershan
  • M. A. Kamoji
  • P. B. Rampure
  • N. R. Banapurmath
  • S. V. Khandal
Research Article - Mechanical Engineering


The fossil fuels are not considered as sustainable energy sources due to their continuous depletion. To overcome this issue, alternative fuels are required to be used in diesel engine applications. Present paper investigates the performance of tire pyrolysis oil (TPO)-fueled diesel engine with minor modification in the engine operating parameters such as injection timing (IT), injector opening pressure (IOP) and nozzle geometry. Initially, experimentations are carried out to optimize the IT for which the best brake thermal efficiency (BTE) is revealed. In the next phase of the work, the effect of IOP and nozzle geometry on the performance was studied. For the diesel engine operation with TPO as fuel, it has been reported that IT of \(27{^{\circ }}\) BTDC, IOP of 240 bar and injector of 5 holes yield better performance in terms of BTE with reduced emissions.


Tire pyrolysis oil (TPO) Injection strategies Performance Emission characteristics 



Tire pyrolysis oil


Injection timing


Injector opening pressure


Hemispherical combustion chamber


Compression ratio

BTE or \(\eta _{\mathrm{Th}}\)

Brake thermal efficiency


Compression ignition


Before top dead center


Carbon monoxide

\(\hbox {CO}_{2}\)

Carbon dioxide




Particulate matter


Oxides of nitrogen


Heat release rate


Ignition delay


Combustion duration


Brake power


Jatropha oil methyl ester


Honge oil methyl ester


Cetane number


Specific fuel consumption


Full factorial design


Response surface methodology


Analysis of variance



\({}^{\circ }\hbox {C}\)

Degree Celsius

\({}^{\circ }\hbox {K}\)

Degree Kelvin




Mass of fuel


Calorific value







J/\({}^{\circ }\hbox {CA}\)

Joule per degree crank angle


Hartridge smoke unit

\(\hbox {Q}_{{\mathrm{app}}}\)

Apparent heat release rate

\(\gamma \)

Ratio of specific heats \({C}_{\mathrm{p}}/ ({C}_{\mathrm{p}} -{\bar{R}})\)


Gas constant


Specific heat at constant pressure


Instantaneous volume of the cylinder


Cylinder pressure


Heat transfer to the wall


Heat transfer coefficient

\({C}_{1}\;\hbox {and}\;{C}_{2}\)

Constants, 130 and 1.4


Cylinder volume


Cylinder pressure


Cylinder gas temperature


Piston mean speed


Instantaneous area


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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. G. Sudershan
    • 1
  • M. A. Kamoji
    • 2
  • P. B. Rampure
    • 3
  • N. R. Banapurmath
    • 4
  • S. V. Khandal
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringA.G. Patil Institute of TechnologySolapurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKLE Dr. M.S.S. College of Engineering and TechnologyBelagaviIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKLE College of Engineering and TechnologyChikodiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringB. V. B. College of Engineering and TechnologyHubballiIndia

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