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Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 43, Issue 9, pp 4517–4530 | Cite as

Experimental Studies on the Use of Pyrolysis Oil for Diesel Engine Applications and Optimization of Engine Parameters of Injection Timing, Injector Opening Pressure and Injector Nozzle Geometry

  • B. G. Sudershan
  • M. A. Kamoji
  • P. B. Rampure
  • N. R. Banapurmath
  • S. V. Khandal
Research Article - Mechanical Engineering
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

The fossil fuels are not considered as sustainable energy sources due to their continuous depletion. To overcome this issue, alternative fuels are required to be used in diesel engine applications. Present paper investigates the performance of tire pyrolysis oil (TPO)-fueled diesel engine with minor modification in the engine operating parameters such as injection timing (IT), injector opening pressure (IOP) and nozzle geometry. Initially, experimentations are carried out to optimize the IT for which the best brake thermal efficiency (BTE) is revealed. In the next phase of the work, the effect of IOP and nozzle geometry on the performance was studied. For the diesel engine operation with TPO as fuel, it has been reported that IT of \(27{^{\circ }}\) BTDC, IOP of 240 bar and injector of 5 holes yield better performance in terms of BTE with reduced emissions.

Keywords

Tire pyrolysis oil (TPO) Injection strategies Performance Emission characteristics 

Abbreviations

TPO

Tire pyrolysis oil

IT

Injection timing

IOP

Injector opening pressure

HCC

Hemispherical combustion chamber

CR

Compression ratio

BTE or \(\eta _{\mathrm{Th}}\)

Brake thermal efficiency

CI

Compression ignition

BTDC

Before top dead center

CO

Carbon monoxide

\(\hbox {CO}_{2}\)

Carbon dioxide

HC

Hydrocarbon

PM

Particulate matter

NO\(_x\)

Oxides of nitrogen

HRR

Heat release rate

ID

Ignition delay

CD

Combustion duration

BP

Brake power

JOME

Jatropha oil methyl ester

HOME

Honge oil methyl ester

CN

Cetane number

SFC

Specific fuel consumption

FFD

Full factorial design

RSM

Response surface methodology

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

cSt

Centistoke

\({}^{\circ }\hbox {C}\)

Degree Celsius

\({}^{\circ }\hbox {K}\)

Degree Kelvin

N

Newton

m

Mass of fuel

CV

Calorific value

g

Gram

N

Speed

T

Torque

J/\({}^{\circ }\hbox {CA}\)

Joule per degree crank angle

HSU

Hartridge smoke unit

\(\hbox {Q}_{{\mathrm{app}}}\)

Apparent heat release rate

\(\gamma \)

Ratio of specific heats \({C}_{\mathrm{p}}/ ({C}_{\mathrm{p}} -{\bar{R}})\)

\({\bar{{R}}}\)

Gas constant

\({C}_{\mathrm{p}}\)

Specific heat at constant pressure

V

Instantaneous volume of the cylinder

P

Cylinder pressure

\({Q}_{\mathrm{wall}}\)

Heat transfer to the wall

h

Heat transfer coefficient

\({C}_{1}\;\hbox {and}\;{C}_{2}\)

Constants, 130 and 1.4

V

Cylinder volume

P

Cylinder pressure

T

Cylinder gas temperature

\({V}_{\mathrm{P}}\)

Piston mean speed

A

Instantaneous area

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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. G. Sudershan
    • 1
  • M. A. Kamoji
    • 2
  • P. B. Rampure
    • 3
  • N. R. Banapurmath
    • 4
  • S. V. Khandal
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringA.G. Patil Institute of TechnologySolapurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKLE Dr. M.S.S. College of Engineering and TechnologyBelagaviIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKLE College of Engineering and TechnologyChikodiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringB. V. B. College of Engineering and TechnologyHubballiIndia

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