Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 661–668 | Cite as

Analysis of Contact Phenomena and Heat Exchange in the Cutting Zone Under Minimum Quantity Cooling Lubrication conditions

  • Radoslaw W. Maruda
  • Eugene Feldshtein
  • Stanislaw Legutko
  • Grzegorz M. KrolczykEmail author
Open Access
Research Article - Mechanical Engineering


The paper critically investigates about the influence of emulsion mist cooling on the conditions of heat absorption from the machining zone. The cooling conditions under which the total number of drops falling on the hot surfaces of the machining zone evaporate have been studied. The state of cutting wedges made of P25 sintered carbide after finish turning of two-phase pearlite-ferrite AISI 1045 steel with the presence of an anti-seizure and anti-wear additive has been subjected to scanning inspection. In the contact area, the content of surface active compounds is much larger as compared to the areas beyond the contact. It has been observed that the concentration of active compounds on the surface grows by about three times. This phenomena provides confirmatory evidences of favourable machining conditions.


MQCL Turning Sustainability manufacturing Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) Thermally activated processes 

List of symbols


Minimum quantity cooling lubrication


Minimum quantity lubrication


Extreme pressure




Tool major cutting edge angle (°)


Tool minor cutting edge angle (°)


Rake angle (°)


Clearance angle (°)


Corner radius (mm)


American Iron and Steel Institute

ReH  min

Yield point (MPa)


Tensile strength (MPa)


Ultimate longitudinal elongation


Brinell hardness


Depth of cut (mm)


Feed rate (mm/rev)


Cutting speed (m/min)


Air flow volume (m3/h)


Mass flow of emulsion (g/min)


Nozzle distance from the machining zone (m)


Drop diameter on the contact surface (\({\mu}\)m)


Drop diameter in air (\({\mu}\)m)


Drop heating time (s)


Drop evaporation time (s)


Heat diffusivity coefficient (W/m2K)


Volumetric specific heat of water (J/kg K)

\({\Theta _{0}}\)

Medium temperature at the nozzle outlet (K)

\({\Theta _{\rm n}}\)

Drop saturation temperature (K)


Drop volume in air (\({\mu}\)m3)


Number droplets (pcs/mm2)


Wetting area (%)


Water evaporation heat (J/kg)

\({{\it \Theta} _{s}}\)

Heated surface temperature (K)


Water density (kg/m3)


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© The Author(s) 2015

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Radoslaw W. Maruda
    • 1
  • Eugene Feldshtein
    • 1
  • Stanislaw Legutko
    • 2
  • Grzegorz M. Krolczyk
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Zielona GoraZielona GoraPoland
  2. 2.Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and ManagementPoznan University of TechnologyPoznanPoland
  3. 3.Faculty of Production Engineering and LogisticsOpole University of TechnologyOpolePoland

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