Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 1151–1164 | Cite as

Effect of Tool Material Properties and Cutting Conditions on Machinability of AISI D6 Steel During Hard Turning

  • Manoj Nayak
  • Rakesh Sehgal
Research Article - Mechanical Engineering


Hard turning offers numerous advantages to grinding operation; however, there is a critical need for research to clarify issues related to high cutting forces, high temperatures, and surface roughness to meet the challenges it can offer as an alternate to grinding process. Mathematical models are generated for each response variable (main cutting force, thrust force, cutting temperature, and surface roughness) in terms of actual values of the factors (cutting speed, feed, and tool material) to establish relationships using design expert software for statistical investigation. A 33 full-factorial design with a total of 27 experiments was obtained for parametric analysis and investigation of machinability of AISI D6 tool steel using three different grades of low-content cubic boron nitride (CBN-L) inserts. The parametric analysis study shows that the main cutting force, thrust force, and surface roughness increase with feed. The thrust force and cutting temperature get influenced by tool material properties. It was established that grain size, CBN content, edge geometry, and hardness of the tools affected all the output characteristics. Scanned electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray of the worn tools showed crater wear, chipping, and fracture of cutting edges, while abrasion and diffusion/dissolutions in CBN tools were the wear mechanisms affirmed in this study.


Hard turning Cubic boron nitride Thrust force Surface roughness 


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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of TechnologyHamirpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringFET, MRIUFaridabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyHamirpurIndia

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