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Journal of NeuroVirology

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 57–71 | Cite as

Enhanced facilitation and diminished inhibition characterizes the pronociceptive endogenous pain modulatory balance of persons living with HIV and chronic pain

  • Michael A. Owens
  • Romy Parker
  • Rachael L. Rainey
  • Cesar E. Gonzalez
  • Dyan M. White
  • Anooshah E. Ata
  • Jennifer I. Okunbor
  • Sonya L. Heath
  • Jessica S. Merlin
  • Burel R. GoodinEmail author
Article

Abstract

Chronic pain in persons living with HIV (PLWH) may be related to alterations in endogenous pain modulatory processes (e.g., high facilitation and low inhibition of nociception) that promote exaggerated pain responses, known as hyperalgesia, and central nervous system (CNS) sensitization. This observational study examined differences in endogenous pain modulatory processes between 59 PLWH with chronic pain, 51 PLWH without chronic pain, and 50 controls without HIV or chronic pain. Quantitative sensory testing for temporal summation (TS) of mechanical and heat pain as well as conditioned pain modulation (CPM) were used to assess endogenous pain facilitatory and inhibitory processes, respectively. Associations among TS, CPM, and self-reported clinical pain severity were also examined in PLWH with chronic pain. Findings demonstrated significantly greater TS of mechanical and heat pain for PLWH with chronic pain compared to PLWH without chronic pain and controls. CPM effects were present in controls, but not in either PLWH with or without chronic pain. Among PLWH with chronic pain, greater TS of mechanical pain was significantly associated with greater average clinical pain severity. Results of this study suggest that enhanced facilitation and diminished inhibition characterizes the pronociceptive endogenous pain modulatory balance of persons living with HIV and chronic pain.

Keywords

HIV Chronic pain Endogenous pain modulation Temporal summation Conditioned pain modulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Creative and Novel Ideas in HIV Research Program (B.R.G.) through a supplement to the University of Alabama at Birmingham Center for AIDS Research funding (P30AI027767). This funding was made possible by collaborative efforts of the Office of AIDS Research, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and the International AIDS Society. This research was also supported by the National Institutes of Health K23MH104073 (J.S.M.). None of the authors have any conflicts of interest to report.

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Copyright information

© Journal of NeuroVirology, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Owens
    • 1
  • Romy Parker
    • 2
  • Rachael L. Rainey
    • 1
  • Cesar E. Gonzalez
    • 1
  • Dyan M. White
    • 1
  • Anooshah E. Ata
    • 1
  • Jennifer I. Okunbor
    • 1
  • Sonya L. Heath
    • 3
  • Jessica S. Merlin
    • 4
  • Burel R. Goodin
    • 1
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative MedicineUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  3. 3.Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious DiseasesUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  4. 4.Divisions of General Internal Medicine and Infectious DiseasesUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  5. 5.Department of Anesthesiology & Perioperative Medicine, Division of Pain MedicineUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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