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Analysis of the contribution of landscape attributes on the genetic diversity of Artibeus jamaicensis Leach, 1821

  • Elida María Leiva-González
  • Darío Navarrete-Gutiérrez
  • Lorena Ruiz-Montoya
  • Antonio Santos-Moreno
  • Cristian Kraker-Castañeda
  • Maricela García-Bautista
Original Paper

Abstract

It is commonly assumed that bats, due to their flight capacity, are not affected by landscape attributes across small geographic extensions. However, recent studies with phyllostomids have found evidence of negative responses, such as decreasing genetic diversity with decreasing forest amount, specifically in areas dominated by agricultural land. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if landscape composition and configuration could be influencing the genetic diversity of a common frugivorous bat: Artibeus jamaicensis. We worked in an area characterized by the presence of extensive agricultural land, with a trend towards open spaces of high contrast with forests. Through mtDNA control region sequences, we inferred high levels of genetic diversity in the surveyed landscapes. In order to determine a possible relationship between genetic diversity and landscape attributes, we employed a multivariate exploratory analysis that allowed us to determine the independent contribution of each variable, in a hierarchical model. We found a negative relationship between genetic diversity and total forest edge, which is a variable that reflects the degree of fragmentation. This procedure can be implemented in population genetics, allowing the incorporation of spatially explicit variables.

Keywords

Bats Fragstats Hierarchical partitioning mtDNA Spatially explicit 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank C. Lorenzo and J. Bolaños from the Colección Mastozoológica (ECOSUR-SCLC), for housing the tissue samples. We appreciate the support of the PNLM-CONANP authorities, staff and park rangers, especially O. Cervantes and A. León, as well as the support of G. Lalo Jacinto and the authorities of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), for permission to work in the Chinkultic archeological site. We are grateful with G. Castellanos, B. Cruz and C. Lorenzo for the revision of early versions of this manuscript. The Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN) of Mexico provided support during fieldwork. Finally, we thank landowners and local authorities for permission to work in the area.

Funding

This project was partially funded by Idea Wild. E. M. Leiva-González received a scholarship (No. 597881) provided by the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT-Mexico).

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Copyright information

© Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Białowieża, Poland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Conservación de la BiodiversidadEl Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR)San Cristóbal de Las CasasMexico
  2. 2.Escuela de BiologíaUniversidad de San Carlos de Guatemala (USAC)Guatemala CityGuatemala
  3. 3.Laboratorio de Análisis de Información Geográfica y EstadísticaEl Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR)San Cristóbal de Las CasasMexico
  4. 4.Laboratorio de Ecología Animal, Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral Regional (CIIDIR)Instituto Politécnico NacionalSanta Cruz XoxocotlánMexico
  5. 5.Unidad para el Conocimiento, Uso y Valoración de la Biodiversidad, Centro de Estudios Conservacionistas (CECON)Universidad de San Carlos de GuatemalaGuatemala CityGuatemala
  6. 6.Laboratorio de GenéticaEl Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR)San Cristóbal de Las CasasMexico

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