Swiss Journal of Palaeontology

, Volume 130, Issue 1, pp 113–121 | Cite as

Ophiura paucilepis, a new species of brittlestar (Echinodermata, Ophiuroidea) from the Pliocene of the southern North Sea Basin

  • Sabine Stöhr
  • John W. M. Jagt
  • Adiël A. Klompmaker
Article

Abstract

The first articulated ophiuroids to be recorded from Neogene deposits in the southern North Sea Basin are described as a new species, Ophiura paucilepis, based on two discs with portions of proximal arms preserved, plus an isolated arm fragment. The specimens were collected from the Oosterhout Formation (Pliocene, lower Zanclean to mid-Piacenzian, ca. 4.9–2.8 Ma) at sandpit ‘De Kuilen’ near Langenboom (province of Noord-Brabant, the Netherlands). A comparison with extant taxa from the North Sea and North Atlantic, such as O. albida, O. ophiura, O. sarsii and O. carnea, shows the fossil species to be characterised by a coarse disc scalation, which may be an ancestral state or a paedomorphic condition, similar to immature stages of extant taxa. The new species is compared to and distinguished from other records of mid-Cretaceous to Cenozoic taxa that have been assigned to the genus Ophiura either routinely, indiscriminately or with a query.

Keywords

Neogene Pliocene North Sea Basin The Netherlands Ophiuridae Taxonomy 

Abbreviations

dd

Disc diameter

MAB

Oertijdmuseum De Groene Poort, Boxtel, the Netherlands

MGUH

Statens Naturhistorisk Museum, København, Denmark

NHM

The Natural History Museum, Department of Palaeontology, London, United Kingdom

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Austria

SGWG

Ernst-Moritz-Arndt Universität, Sektion Geologische Wissenschaften, Greifswald, Germany

SMNH

Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden

SWBI

Southwest Biostratigraphic Research Institute, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Texas, El Paso, Texas

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Copyright information

© Akademie der Naturwissenschaften Schweiz (SCNAT) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabine Stöhr
    • 1
  • John W. M. Jagt
    • 2
  • Adiël A. Klompmaker
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Swedish Museum of Natural HistoryStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Natuurhistorisch Museum MaastrichtMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of GeologyKent State UniversityKentUSA
  4. 4.‘t Loo-OldebroekThe Netherlands

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