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Detection of Spalangia (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) attacking Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae) and their potential significance in the Japanese cattle industry

  • Kazunori MatsuoEmail author
Original Research Paper
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Abstract

Four species of Spalangia Latreille (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae), S. cameroni Perkins, S. endius Walker, S. nigroaenea Curtis, and S. nigra Latreille, were collected from dairy farms located in Fukuoka, Japan. The former three species were reared from pupae of Stomoxys calcitrans (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Muscidae) and the latter was reared from pupae of Chrysomya pinguis (Walker) (Diptera: Calliphoridae). This is a new distributional record for S. cameroni from Japan. Chrysomya pinguis is newly recorded as the host insect of S. nigra. A key to Japanese species of Spalangia was provided for further biological studies. Spalangia species have been known as biological control agents against St. calcitrans in Europe and North America. Thus, the detection of these parasitoids provides opportunities for biological control as an additional control measure against St. calcitrans in Japan.

Keywords

Spalangia cameroni Stable fly Chrysomya pinguis Natural enemy Pupal parasitoid 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I thank Mr. Junji Shirakawa, Mr. Tomoaki Kubo and Dr. Makiko Odaka for their guidance and assistance of my field surveys; Dr. Natalie Dale-Skey, Prof. Masahiro Ohara, Mr. Yoshimitsu Higashiura for providing me opportunities to examine Spalangia specimens; Dr. Junko Kohara for providing me information of EBL; Dr. Kyohei Watanabe for assistance of literature survey of Japanese Spalangia. This study was partly supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant number 19H00942.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biosystematics Laboratory, Faculty of Social and Cultural StudiesKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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