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Applied Entomology and Zoology

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 249–253 | Cite as

Leaf beetle larvae, Plagiodera versicolora (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), show decreased performance on uninfested host plants exposed to airborne factors from plants infested by conspecific larvae

  • Kinuyo Yoneya
  • Soichi Kugimiya
  • Junji Takabayashi
Original Research Paper

Abstract

Undamaged plants are known to suffer less damage from herbivores when previously exposed to airborne factors from neighboring plants that are either infested or artificially damaged. However, to date, the effects of such a defensive phenomenon on performance of herbivorous insects have not been clearly shown. Here, we studied such effects in an interaction between a willow plant, Salix eriocarpa Franchet et Savatier (Salicales: Salicaceae), and a specialist leaf beetle, Plagiodera versicolora (Laicharting) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). In a wind tunnel, uninfested willow plants were placed downwind of willow plants infested by leaf beetle larvae for 4 days. As a control, we placed uninfested plants downwind of uninfested plants in the tunnel. After exposure, downwind plants were served to leaf beetle larvae. Pupal weight, larval survival rates, and the leaf area consumed by larvae all decreased significantly, and larval developmental duration increased significantly, when larvae fed on willow plants downwind of infested plants were compared with those downwind of uninfested plants. These results showed that airborne factors from infested willow plants negatively affected the performance of leaf beetle larvae. Further studies are needed to identify the active factor(s) from the infested willow plants affecting the performance of leaf beetle larvae.

Keywords

Plagiodera versicolora Wind tunnel Airborne factors Performance Mode of action Slow growth–high mortality hypothesis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was partly supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) (No. 240 19101009), Japanese Society for Promotion of Science Core-to-Core project, Japan, and by the Global Center of Excellence Program 241 “Formation of a Strategic Base for Biodiversity and Evolutionary Research: from Genome to 242 Ecosystem” of Kyoto University, Japan.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kinuyo Yoneya
    • 1
  • Soichi Kugimiya
    • 1
    • 2
  • Junji Takabayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Ecological ResearchKyoto UniversityOtsuJapan
  2. 2.National Institute for Agro-Environmental SciencesTsukubaJapan

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