Applied Entomology and Zoology

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 373–378 | Cite as

Incidence of resistance to neonicotinoid insecticides in greenhouse populations of the whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from Greece

  • Maria L. Pappas
  • Foteini Migkou
  • George D. Broufas
Original Research Paper


The greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood, is an important pest of field and greenhouse crops of horticultural and ornamental plants. In integrated pest management programs its control is mainly based on the release of biological control agents and application of chemical insecticides. Neonicotinoids are relatively new chemicals currently applied for the chemical control of T. vaporariorum. However, cases of development of insecticide resistance to neonicotinoids have already been reported. The state of resistance to neonicotinoid insecticides for populations of the greenhouse whitefly in Greece is currently unknown. The objective of our study was to screen a number of whitefly populations for resistance to the neonicotinoids imidacloprid and thiacloprid. Seven whitefly populations were collected from tomato greenhouse crops from different areas of central and northern Greece. LC50 values were estimated for all populations following the method proposed by the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC). The development of resistance to both neonicotinoids was confirmed for all tested populations with resistance ratios ranging from 1.5 to 4.4-fold and from 1.4 to 12.2-fold for imidacloprid and thiacloprid, respectively. We discuss our results with regard to the development of neonicotinoid resistance in T. vaporariorum populations and its implications for whitefly control.


Greenhouse whitefly Neonicotinoids Insecticide resistance Imidacloprid Thiacloprid 



The authors would like to thank Christos Xanthis and Konstantinos Samaras for help in maintaining the whitefly rearings. Two anonymous reviewers are acknowledged for their comments on an earlier version of our manuscript.


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria L. Pappas
    • 1
  • Foteini Migkou
    • 1
  • George D. Broufas
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Agricultural Entomology and Zoology, Department of Agricultural DevelopmentDemocritus University of ThraceOrestiadaGreece

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