A novel WDR62 missense mutation in microcephaly with abnormal cortical architecture and review of the literature
Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a group of rare neurodevelopmental diseases with severe microcephaly at birth. One type of the disorder, MCPH2, is caused by biallelic mutations in the WDR62 gene, which encodes the WD repeat–containing protein 62. Patients with WDR62 mutation may have a wide range of malformations of cortical development in addition to congenital microcephaly. We describe two patients, a boy and a girl, with severe congenital microcephaly, global developmental delay, epilepsy, and failure to thrive. MRI showed hemispherical asymmetry, diffuse pachygyria, thick gray matter, indistinct gray-white matter junction, and corpus callosum and white matter hypoplasia. Whole exome sequencing revealed the same novel homozygous missense mutation, c.668T>C, p.Phe223Ser in exon 6 of the WDR62 gene. The healthy parents were heterozygous for this mutation. The mutation affects a highly conserved region in one of the WD repeats of the WDR62 protein. Haplotype analysis showed genetic relatedness between the families of the patients. Our findings expand the spectrum of mutations randomly distributed in the WDR62 gene. A review is also provided of the brain malformations described in WDR62 mutations in association with congenital microcephaly.
KeywordsMicrocephaly Malformations of cortical development Whole exome sequencing WDR62 mutation Global developmental delay
The authors thank the patients’ parents for their participation in this study.
MZ examined the patients and was a major contributor in writing the manuscript; MB and BT interpreted the patients’ data; TK, NN, and ZM contributed to gene analysis; OB supervised laboratory work; LSZ analyzed MRI data and designed the study. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interests
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Ethical approval and consent to participate
The parents of both patients gave written informed consent to enter the study, which was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged (Szeged, Hungary, Reference no: 18/2016-SZTE).
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