Mouse models of atherosclerosis: explaining critical roles of lipid metabolism and inflammation
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- Mukhopadhyay, R. J Appl Genetics (2013) 54: 185. doi:10.1007/s13353-013-0134-4
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Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of death globally. It is a complex disease involving morphological and cellular changes in vascular walls. Studying molecular mechanism of the disease is hindered by disease complexity and lack of robust noninvasive diagnostics in human. Mouse models are the most popular animal models that allow researchers to study the mechanism of disease progression. In this review we discuss the advantage and development of mouse as a model for atherosclerotic research. Along with commonly used models, this review discusses strains that are used to study the role of two critical processes associated with the disease—lipid metabolism and inflammation.