Journal of Meteorological Research

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 633–653 | Cite as

An overview of mineral dust modeling over East Asia

  • Siyu Chen
  • Jianping Huang
  • Yun Qian
  • Chun Zhao
  • Litai Kang
  • Ben Yang
  • Yong Wang
  • Yuzhi Liu
  • Tiangang Yuan
  • Tianhe Wang
  • Xiaojun Ma
  • Guolong Zhang
Review

Abstract

East Asian dust (EAD) exerts considerable impacts on the energy balance and climate/climate change of the earth system through its influence on solar and terrestrial radiation, cloud properties, and precipitation efficiency. Providing an accurate description of the life cycle and climate effects of EAD is therefore critical to better understanding of climate change and socioeconomic development in East Asia and even worldwide. Dust modeling has undergone substantial development since the late 1990s, associated with improved understanding of the role of EAD in the earth system. Here, we review the achievements and progress made in recent decades in terms of dust modeling research, including dust emissions, long-range transport, radiative forcing (RF), and climate effects of dust particles over East Asia. Numerous efforts in dust/EAD modeling have been directed towards furnishing more sophisticated physical and chemical processes into the models on higher spatial resolutions. Meanwhile, more systematic observations and more advanced retrieval methods for instruments that address EAD related science issues have made it possible to evaluate model results and quantify the role of EAD in the earth system, and to further reduce the uncertainties in EAD simulations. Though much progress has been made, large discrepancies and knowledge gaps still exist among EAD simulations. The deficiencies and limitations that pertain to the performance of the EAD simulations referred to in the present study are also discussed.

Key words

East Asia dust aerosol dust modeling dust emissions long-range dust transport dust radiative forcing 

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Copyright information

© The Chinese Meteorological Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siyu Chen
    • 1
  • Jianping Huang
    • 1
  • Yun Qian
    • 2
  • Chun Zhao
    • 2
  • Litai Kang
    • 1
  • Ben Yang
    • 3
  • Yong Wang
    • 4
  • Yuzhi Liu
    • 1
  • Tiangang Yuan
    • 1
  • Tianhe Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaojun Ma
    • 1
  • Guolong Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Semi-Arid Climate Change of the Ministry of EducationLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.Atmospheric Science and Global Change DivisionPacific Northwest National LaboratoryRichlandUSA
  3. 3.School of Atmospheric SciencesNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  4. 4.Department of Earth System ScienceTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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