Journal of Meteorological Research

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 126–141 | Cite as

Interdecadal change in the Eurasia–Pacific anti-phase relation of atmospheric mass and its possible link with PDO

Article

Abstract

Based on the known climatic shift that occurred in 1976, we divide the present study period into two epochs: epoch-I, for 1958–1976; and epoch-II, for 1977–2002. Using ERA-40 and the 20th century reanalysis data, we investigate the interdecadal change in the Eurasia–Pacific anti-phase relation (EPAR) pattern of atmospheric mass (AM) during boreal winter before and after 1976. It is found that anomalous AM over lands is highly and negatively correlated with anomalous AM over oceans in the Northern Hemisphere during the winter season. This correlation does not change much from epoch-I to epoch-II. However, the correlation pattern of surface air pressure anomalies with variations of anomalous AM over lands changes remarkably from epoch-I to epoch-II; the EPAR pattern emerges evidently in the later period, whereas it is not significant in epoch-I. The occurrence of the EPAR pattern in epoch-II may be attributable to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). The PDO may modulate the EPAR pattern in two ways. Firstly, the interdecadal component of the PDO as a background may modulate the intensities of the Aleutian low, East Asian trough, and westerly flow, acting as a waveguide during the warm phase (epoch-II) of the PDO. Secondly, the interannual variations of sea surface temperature anomalies in the North Pacific, in association with the PDO, may affect the interannual variations of AM, which facilitates the existence of the EPAR pattern in epoch-II only. With the teleconnection pattern having changed before and after 1976, winter climate anomalies, including rainfall and temperature, are found to be different in many regions in the Northern Hemisphere between epoch-I and epoch-II. All the results of the present work are meaningful for a better understanding of climate anomalies during boreal winter.

Key words

teleconnection Eurasia–North Pacific domain atmospheric mass climatic shift PDO winter climate anomalies 

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Copyright information

© The Chinese Meteorological Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Meteorological Disasters/Joint International Research Laboratory of Climate and Environment Change/Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological DisastersNanjing University of Information Science & TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.Polar Climate System and Global Change LaboratoryNanjing University of Information Science & TechnologyNanjingChina

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