Philosophy & Technology

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 221–233

Gaming and the limits of digital embodiment

Special Issue

DOI: 10.1007/s13347-013-0111-1

Cite this article as:
Farrow, R. & Iacovides, I. Philos. Technol. (2014) 27: 221. doi:10.1007/s13347-013-0111-1


This paper discusses the nature and limits of player embodiment within digital games. We identify a convergence between everyday bodily actions and activity within digital environments, and a trend towards incorporating natural forms of movement into gaming worlds through mimetic control devices. We examine recent literature in the area of immersion and presence in digital gaming; Calleja’s (2011) recent Player Involvement Model of gaming is discussed and found to rely on a probematic notion of embodiment as 'incorporation'. We go on to further reflect on the nature of player involvement in digital gaming environments by applying insights from Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception. It is argued that digital embodiment differs so significantly from primordial embodiment that any idea of total immersion is simply fantasy. We subsequently argue that digital game media nonetheless provide us with unique opportunities for exploring the nature of distinctively human forms of embodiment, and so we need more complete and more reliable phenomenological descriptions of the experiences associated with computer games.


Phenomenology Videogames Embodiment Presence Immersion Proprioception Entertainment Gaming Experience Play Design Merleau-Ponty Calleja 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Educational TechnologyThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK
  2. 2.Division of Psychology & Language Sciences Faculty of Brain SciencesUniversity College London Interaction CentreLondonUK

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