Drug Delivery and Translational Research

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 3–21

Magnetic nanoparticles and their applications in image-guided drug delivery

Review Article

Abstract

Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles have been shown to be suitable for use as theranostic agents owing to their intrinsic diagnostic capabilities in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applications, hyperthermia properties, and ability to deliver drugs via magnetic attraction and/or systemic delivery. In addition, surface modifications are easily introduced through conjugation with targeting moieties (e.g., antibodies, peptides, or aptamers), genes, or therapeutic drugs to provide multimodal functionalities. Such valuable characteristics apply to image-guided drug delivery, especially MRI-guided drug delivery—a form of individualized therapy in which imaging methods are used to guide and monitor delivery of therapeutic agents to target tissues. This review summarizes the intrinsic physicochemical properties and pharmacokinetics of magnetic nanoparticles and highlights recent reports describing theranostic systems, including magnetic nanoparticle-based nanoplatforms, and their applications in MRI-guided drug delivery.

Keywords

Magnetic nanoparticles Multifunctional nanoparticles Image-guided drug delivery Theranostics Hyperthermia Magnetic drug targeting 

Copyright information

© Controlled Release Society 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cell Dynamics Research Center, School of Life SciencesGwangju Institute of Science and TechnologyGwangjuRepublic of Korea

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