Experimental Study of Wave Attenuation in Trapezoidal Floating Breakwaters
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A comprehensive experimental study was carried out on the regular wave attenuation with a trapezoidal pontoontype floating breakwater (FB) in deep water. The functionalities of two simple FB geometries consist of a rectangle and a trapezoid with the slope of 60° were investigated under the wave attack. A two-dimensional wave flume was used in the experiment; the incident, transmitted waves, mooring line forces and motion responses of the floating breakwaters were measured. Also the influence of the sea state conditions (incident wave height and wave period) and structural parameters (draught of the structure) were investigated using the trapezoidal FB. Our experimental results indicated that the trapezoidal FB significantly reduced the wave transmission and mooring line force when compared with rectangular FBs. A new formula was developed in order to predict the value of the transmission coefficient in trapezoidal FBs with the slope of 60°. Experimental data showed to be consistent with the results of the formula.
Key wordsregular waves floating breakwater (FB) wave flume trapezoid mooring line force transmission
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The authors wish to express their sincere thanks to the Research Institute for Subsea Science and Technology, Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) in Iran for providing experimental facilities.
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