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China Ocean Engineering

, Volume 32, Issue 6, pp 737–745 | Cite as

Experimental Investigation of Local Scour Around A New Pile-Group Foundation for Offshore Wind Turbines in Bi-Directional Current

  • Chao Ji
  • Jin-feng ZhangEmail author
  • Qing-he Zhang
  • Ming-xing Li
  • Tong-qing Chen
Technical Notes
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

The local scour around a new pile-group foundation of offshore wind turbine subjected to a bi-directional current was physically modeled with a bi-directional flow flume. In a series of experiments, the flow velocity and topography of the seabed were measured based on a system composed of plane positioning equipment and an ADV. Experimental results indicate that the development of the scour hole was fast at the beginning, but then the scour rate decreased until reaching equilibrium. Erosion would occur around each pile of the foundation. In most cases, the scour pits were connected in pairs and the outside widths of the scour holes were larger than the inner widths. The maximum scour depth occurred at the side pile of the foundation for each test. In addition, a preliminary investigation shows that the larger the flow velocity, the larger the scour hole dimensions but the shorter equilibrium time. The field maximum scour depth around the foundation was obtained based on the physical experiments with the geometric length scales of 1:27.0, 1:42.5 and 1:68.0, and it agrees with the scour depth estimated by the HEC-18 equation.

Key words

offshore wind turbines new pile-group foundation local scour bi-directional current 

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Copyright information

© Chinese Ocean Engineering Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao Ji
    • 1
  • Jin-feng Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qing-he Zhang
    • 1
  • Ming-xing Li
    • 2
  • Tong-qing Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and SafetyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Fourth Harbor Engineering Investigation and Design Institute, Co., Ltd.China Communications Construction CompanyGuangzhouChina

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